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Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 36, Issue 9, pp 920–926 | Cite as

CT of tracheal agenesis

  • Peter J. StrouseEmail author
  • Beverley Newman
  • Ramiro J. Hernandez
  • Ehsan Afshani
  • Mahesh Bommaraju
Original Article

Abstract

Background

Tracheal agenesis is a rare and usually lethal anomaly. In the past, opaque contrast medium was injected via the esophagus to demonstrate the anatomy.

Objective

To demonstrate the utility of helical and multidetector CT in delineating the aberrant anatomy in newborns with tracheal agenesis.

Materials and methods

Four newborns with tracheal agenesis were identified from three institutions. Imaging studies and medical records were reviewed. Each child was imaged with chest radiography. One child was imaged on a single-detector helical CT scanner and the other three on multidetector scanners.

Results

Helical and multidetector CT with 2D and 3D reconstructions clearly delineated the aberrant tracheobronchial and esophageal anatomy in each infant. Minimum intensity projection reformatted CT images were particularly helpful. One infant each had type I and type II tracheal agenesis. Two infants had type III tracheal agenesis. All four infants died.

Conclusion

CT is a useful tool for delineating the aberrant anatomy of newborns with tracheal agenesis and thus helps in making rational clinical decisions.

Keywords

Computed tomography Trachea Anomaly Newborn 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter J. Strouse
    • 1
    Email author
  • Beverley Newman
    • 2
  • Ramiro J. Hernandez
    • 1
  • Ehsan Afshani
    • 3
  • Mahesh Bommaraju
    • 4
  1. 1.Section of Pediatric Radiology, C. S. Mott Children’s Hospital, Department of RadiologyUniversity of Michigan Health SystemAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.Department of Pediatric Radiology, Children’s Hospital of PittsburghUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  3. 3.Departments of Radiology and PediatricsChildren’s Hospital Of BuffaloBuffaloUSA
  4. 4.Division of Neonatology, University Pediatrics AssociatesWomen’s and Children’s Hospital of BuffaloBuffaloUSA

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