Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 34, Issue 11, pp 886–894 | Cite as

A proposed radiological classification of childhood intra-thoracic tuberculosis

  • Ben J. Marais
  • Robert P. Gie
  • H. Simon Schaaf
  • Jeff R. Starke
  • Anneke C. Hesseling
  • Peter R. Donald
  • Nulda Beyers
Original Article


One of the obstacles in discussing childhood tuberculosis (TB) is the lack of standard descriptive terminology to classify the diverse spectrum of disease. Accurate disease classification is important, because the correct identification of the specific disease entity has definite prognostic significance. Accurate classification will also improve study outcome definitions and facilitate scientific communication. The aim of this paper is to provide practical guidelines for the accurate radiological classification of intra-thoracic TB in children less than 15 years of age. The proposed radiological classification is based on the underlying disease and the principles of pathological disease progression. The hope is that the proposed classification will clarify concepts and stimulate discussion that may lead to future consensus.


Tuberculosis Lung Mediastinum Classification Children 



We thank the US Agency for International Development (USAID) for funding the researcher. This manuscript is in partial fulfilment of a PhD thesis.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ben J. Marais
    • 1
  • Robert P. Gie
    • 1
  • H. Simon Schaaf
    • 1
  • Jeff R. Starke
    • 2
  • Anneke C. Hesseling
    • 1
  • Peter R. Donald
    • 1
  • Nulda Beyers
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Centre for TB Research and Education (CENTRE), Faculty of Health SciencesUniversity of StellenboschCape TownSouth Africa
  2. 2.Infectious Diseases Section, Department of PediatricsBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA

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