Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 34, Issue 11, pp 861–875 | Cite as

Modern imaging of tuberculosis in children: thoracic, central nervous system and abdominal tuberculosis

  • Savvas AndronikouEmail author
  • Nicky Wieselthaler


Tuberculosis (TB) can affect any organ in the body. Children are a high-risk group for contracting the disease and pose a constant challenge to clinicians with regard to making a definitive diagnosis. Radiologists are playing a more active role in diagnosing TB, and armed with more accurate diagnostic investigations such as CT and MRI, they must face the cost implications as well as technical limitations. This review aims to guide the reader through the modern imaging techniques useful for diagnosing TB of the thorax, central nervous system and abdomen in children. The more specific features of each modality in the particular anatomical regions are highlighted.


Tuberculosis Lung Brain Meninges Abdomen MRI CT Ultrasound Radiography Children 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Radiology DepartmentRed Cross Children’s HospitalCape TownSouth Africa
  2. 2.School of Child and Adolescent HealthUniversity of Cape TownCape TownSouth Africa

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