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Pediatric Cardiology

, Volume 36, Issue 7, pp 1458–1464 | Cite as

Cardiovascular Response to Exercise Testing in Children and Adolescents Late After Kawasaki Disease According to Coronary Condition Upon Onset

  • Hugo GravelEmail author
  • Daniel Curnier
  • Frédéric Dallaire
  • Anne Fournier
  • Michael Portman
  • Nagib Dahdah
Original Article

Abstract

Multiple cardiovascular sequelae have been reported late after Kawasaki disease (KD), especially in patients with coronary artery lesions. In this perspective, we hypothesized that exercise response was altered after KD in patients with coronary aneurysms (CAA-KD) compared to those without history of coronary aneurysms (NS-KD). This study is a post hoc analysis of exercise data from an international multicenter trial. A group of 133 CAA-KD subjects was compared to a group of 117 NS-KD subjects. Subjects underwent a Bruce treadmill test followed to maximal exertion. Heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were assessed at each stage of the test including recovery. Myocardial perfusion was evaluated by stress and rest Tc-99m sestamibi SPECT imaging. Endurance time was similar between NS-KD and CAA-KD (11.3 ± 2.6 vs. 11.0 ± 2.6 min; p = 0.343). HR, SBP, and DBP responses to exercise were similar between groups (p = 0.075–0.942). Myocardial perfusion defects were present in 16.5 % CAA-KD versus 22.2 % NS-KD (p = 0.255). Analysis based on myocardial perfusion status identified a lower heart rate at 1 min into recovery as well as lower DBP at 1 and 5 min into recovery in patients with abnormal SPECT imaging (p = 0.017–0.042). Compared to patients without CA involvement, the presence of coronary aneurysms at the subacute phase of KD does not induce a differential effect on exercise parameters. In contrast, exercise-induced myocardial perfusion defect late after the onset of KD correlates with abnormal recovery parameters.

Keywords

Kawasaki disease Exercise Aneurysm Myocardial perfusion 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Our gratitude is to Lantheus Medical Imaging inc., for allowing us to perform the analysis and to generate this manuscript. The authors also thank the international investigators who enrolled patients in the Cardiolite-301 study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hugo Gravel
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Daniel Curnier
    • 1
    • 2
  • Frédéric Dallaire
    • 3
    • 4
  • Anne Fournier
    • 1
    • 5
  • Michael Portman
    • 6
  • Nagib Dahdah
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.CHU Sainte-Justine Research CenterMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Department of KinesiologyUniversité de MontréalMontrealCanada
  3. 3.Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of MedicineUniversité de SherbrookeSherbrookeCanada
  4. 4.Centre de Recherche Clinique Étienne-Le BelSherbrookeCanada
  5. 5.Division of Pediatric CardiologyCHU Sainte-JustineMontrealCanada
  6. 6.Division of Pediatric CardiologySeattle Children’s HospitalSeattleCanada

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