Pediatric Cardiology

, Volume 32, Issue 5, pp 628–633

Cross-Sectional Analysis of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Children With Parental History of Premature Ischemic Heart Disease

  • Gal Neuman
  • Itai Shavit
  • Doron Aronson
  • Avraham Lorber
  • Diana Gaitini
  • Roy Onn
  • Naim Shehadeh
Original Article

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the presence of cardiovascular risk factors in children with a parental history of premature ischemic heart disease (two- or three-vessel disease diagnosed before the age of 55 in men and 65 in women). A prospective cross-sectional study was performed on 55 children. The following parameters were assessed: body mass index (BMI), waist and hip circumference, blood pressure, lipids profile, fasting glucose (FG), C-reactive protein (CRP), and carotid intimal-medial thickness (CIMT). Twenty-eight children had hypercholesterolemia, and 11 had other forms of dyslipidemia. Sixteen children had a high BMI; 17 had increased CRP levels; 2 were hypertensive; and 2 had impaired FG. CIMT levels were not correlated with age (Pearson r = −0.486; p = 0.78) and height (Pearson r = −6.31; p = 0.84), but they were correlated with cholesterol levels (Spearman r = 0.375; p < 0.005). Most patients (83%) had ≥2 risk factors; half of them had ≥3 risk factors. We concluded that these at-risk children should be carefully screened for all known risk factors.

Keywords

Ischemic heart disease Cardiovascular disease Risk factors Children Parental 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gal Neuman
    • 1
    • 2
  • Itai Shavit
    • 1
    • 2
    • 6
  • Doron Aronson
    • 2
    • 3
  • Avraham Lorber
    • 2
    • 4
  • Diana Gaitini
    • 2
    • 5
  • Roy Onn
    • 1
    • 2
  • Naim Shehadeh
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsMeyer Children’s HospitalHaifaIsrael
  2. 2.Technion Faculty of MedicineHaifaIsrael
  3. 3.Department of CardiologyRambam Health Care CampusHaifaIsrael
  4. 4.Department of Pediatric CardiologyMeyer Children’s HospitalHaifaIsrael
  5. 5.Department of Medical ImagingRambam Health Care CampusHaifaIsrael
  6. 6.NahariyaIsrael

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