Pediatric Cardiology

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 474–483 | Cite as

Improving Outcomes from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in Young Children and Adolescents

Review Article

Abstract

Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is an unusual but devastating occurrence in a young person. Years of life-lost are substantial and long-term health care costs of survivors can be high. However, there have been noteworthy improvements in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) standards, out-of hospital care, and postcardiac arrest therapies that have resulted in a several-fold improvement in resuscitation outcomes. Recent interest and research in resuscitation of children has the promise of generating improvements in the outcomes of these patients. Integrated and coordinated care in the out-of-hospital and hospital settings are required. This article will review the epidemiology of OHCA, the 2010 CPR guidelines, and developments in public access defibrillation for children.

Keywords

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation Cardiac arrest Outcomes 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Carver College of MedicineUniversity of Iowa Children’s HospitalIowa CityUSA
  2. 2.Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, Medical College of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA
  3. 3.Division of Pediatric CardiologyUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA

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