Advertisement

Pediatric Cardiology

, Volume 30, Issue 3, pp 356–358 | Cite as

Right Superior Vena Cava Drainage into the Left Atrium Associated with a Coronary–Cameral Fistula Occluding an Atrial–Septal Defect: First Echocardiographic, Angiographic, and Surgical Description

  • Azad Sushil
  • Joshi Raja
  • Singh Manvinder
  • Joshi Reena
  • Kohli VikasEmail author
Case Report
  • 96 Downloads

Abstract

Right superior vena cava (SVC) drainage into the left atrium causing hypoxemia is a very rare congenital malformation. This anomaly can result in complications of chronic cyanosis and paradoxical embolism. It rarely is associated with any other congenital malformation. This is the first case report of right SVC drainage into the left atrium associated with a coronary cameral fistula. During surgical repair, the aneurysmal part of the cameral fistula was noted to be occluding a defect in the atrial septum. Repair of the cameral fistula and rerouting of the SVC via the atrial septal defect were performed.

Keywords

Right SVC to left atrium Right-to-left shunt 

Supplementary material

MOESM1 (AVI 381 kb)

MOESM2 (AVI 536 kb)

MOESM3 (AVI 445 kb)

MOESM4 (AVI 325 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Alday LE, Maisuls H, DeRossi R (1995) Right superior caval vein draining into the left atrium: diagnosis by color flow mapping. Cardiol Young 5:345–349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bharti S, Lev M (1984) Direct entry of the right superior vena cava into the left atrium with aneurismal dilatation and stenosis at its entry into the right atrium with stenosis of pulmonary veins: a rare case. Pediatr Cardiol 5:123–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Braudo M, Beanlands DS, Trusler G (1968) Anomalous drainage of right superior vena cava into the left atrium. Can Med Assoc J 99:715–719PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Meadows WR, Bergstand I, Sharp JT (1961) Isolated anomalous connection of great vein to left atrium. The syndrome of cyanosis and clubbing “normal heart”, and left ventricular hypertrophy on electrocardiogram. Circulation 24:669–676PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Opiddo G, Napoleone CP et al (2006) Right superior vena cava draining in the left atrium: anatomical, embryological, and surgical consideration. Ann Thorac Surg 8:2313–2315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shapiro SR, Al-Sadir J, Campbell NPS et al (1981) Drainage of right superior vena cava into both atria: review of literature and description of case presenting with polycythemia and paradoxical embolization. Circulation 63:712–717PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tuchman H, Brown JF, Huston JH et al (1956) Superior vena cava draining into left atrium: another cause for left ventricular hypertrophy with cyanotic congenital heart disease. Am J Med 21:481PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Van Praagh S, Geva T, Lock JE et al (2003) Biatrial or left atrial drainage of right superior vena cava: anatomic, morphogenetic, and surgical considerations—report of three new cases and literature review. Pediatr Cardiol 24:350–363PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Azad Sushil
    • 1
  • Joshi Raja
    • 1
  • Singh Manvinder
    • 1
  • Joshi Reena
    • 1
  • Kohli Vikas
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Congenital Cardiac SurgeryIndraprastha Apollo HospitalNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations