Cardiomyopathy in Multiple Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency
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Multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MADD) is a rare autosomal recessive defect of the electron transfer flavoprotein or ubiquinone oxidoreductase, resulting in abnormal fatty acid, amino acid, and choline metabolism, leading to metabolic acidosis, hypoglycemia, “sweaty-feet” odor, and early neonatal deaths. This report presents a child diagnosed with this disease at birth by newborn screening using the mass spectrometer, who died suddenly at the age of 6 months. The echocardiogram revealed pericardial effusion, thickened ventricular musculature, and insufficiency of both the atrio-ventricular valves. The autopsy showed immense cardiomegaly, fatty infiltration, and hypertrophy of the ventricles. This is the first detailed case report of clinico-pathological correlation of MADD in an infant and brings into light a rare form of cardiomyopathy as a differential diagnosis in critically ill patients.
KeywordsMultiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency Cardiomyopathy Glutaric acidemia Type II
We express our sincere thanks to Sunita J. Ferns and Kristina Borgen for helping us in the echocardiogram and microscopy of the heart, respectively. We also thank the family of the patient for consenting to publish this report.
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