Pediatric Cardiology

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 344–349 | Cite as

Vascular Tumors of the Heart in Infants and Children: Case Series and Review of the Literature

  • A.S. Mackie
  • H.P.W. Kozakewich
  • T. Geva
  • A.R. Perez-Atayde
  • J.B. Mulliken
Article

Abstract

Primary tumors of the heart are rare in children, of which vascular tumors comprise a small subgroup. We present the clinical, histopathologic, and imaging findings in six children with vascular tumors of the heart and review the findings of 36 previously published cases. We observed three intramuscular hemangiomas of the small-vessel type in older children, two congenital hemangiomas in infants, and one malignant polymorphous hemangioendothelioma. Intramuscular hemangiomas did not respond to corticosteroid and were biologically distinct from the congenital hemangiomas, both of which exhibited regression with pharmacotherapy. Age at diagnosis appears to predict histologic type, tumor location, and clinical presentation.

Keywords

Heart Vascular neoplasms 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • A.S. Mackie
    • 1
    • 4
  • H.P.W. Kozakewich
    • 2
  • T. Geva
    • 1
  • A.R. Perez-Atayde
    • 2
  • J.B. Mulliken
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of CardiologyChildren's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PathologyChildren's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  3. 3.Division of Plastic SurgeryChildren's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  4. 4.Division of Cardiology, Room D-371Montreal Children's HospitalMontrealCanada

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