A Study in the BV Space of a Denoising—Deblurring Variational Problem
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- Vese, L. Appl Math Optim (2001) 44: 131. doi:10.1007/s00245-001-0017-7
In this paper we study, in the framework of functions of bounded variation, a general variational problem arising in image recovery, introduced in . We prove the existence and the uniqueness of a solution using lower semicontinuity results for convex functionals of measures. We also give a new and fine characterization of the subdifferential of the functional, together with optimality conditions on the solution, using duality techniques of Temam for the theory of time-dependent minimal surfaces. We study the associated evolution equation in the context of nonlinear semigroup theory and we give an approximation result in continuous variables, using Γ -convergence. Finally, we discretize the problems by finite differences schemes and we present several numerical results for signal and image reconstruction.