The Influence of Extraction Procedure on Ion Concentrations in Sediment Pore Water
- Cite this article as:
- Winger, P., Lasier, P. & Jackson, B. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. (1998) 35: 8. doi:10.1007/s002449900341
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Sediment pore water has the potential to yield important information on sediment quality, but the influence of isolation procedures on the chemistry and toxicity are not completely known and consensus on methods used for the isolation from sediment has not been reached. To provide additional insight into the influence of collection procedures on pore water chemistry, anion (filtered only) and cation concentrations were measured in filtered and unfiltered pore water isolated from four sediments using three different procedures: dialysis, centrifugation, and vacuum. Peepers were constructed using 24-cell culture plates and cellulose membranes and vacuum extractors consisted of fused-glass air stones attached with airline tubing to 60-cc syringes. Centrifugation was accomplished at two speeds (2,500 and 10,000 g) for 30 min in a refrigerated centrifuge maintained at 4°C. Only minor differences in chemical characteristics and cation and anion concentrations were found among the different collecting methods with differences being sediment-specific. Filtering of the pore water did not appreciably reduce major cation concentrations, but trace metals (Cu and Pb) were markedly reduced. Although the extraction methods evaluated produced pore waters of similar chemistries, the vacuum extractor provided the following advantages over the other methods: ease of extraction, volumes of pore water isolated, minimal preparation time, and least time required for extraction of pore water from multiple samples at one time.