Legacy and Emerging Brominated Flame Retardants in Bizerte Lagoon Murex (Hexaplex Trunculus): Levels and Human Health Risk Assessment

  • Walid Ben AmeurEmail author
  • Ali Annabi
  • Yassine El Megdiche
  • Takoua Mhadhbi
  • Sihem Ben Hassine
  • Badreddine Barhoumi
  • Soufiane Touil
  • Mohamed Ridha Driss
  • Damia Barceló
  • Ethel Eljarrat
Original Research


Occurrence of traditional (PBDEs) and novel (HBB, PBEB, DBDPE) brominated flame retardants, as well as the natural compounds of MeO-PBDEs, were studied in a shellfish species (Hexaplex trunculus) sampled from Bizerte Lagoon. PBDE and MeO-PBDE mean concentrations in murex soft tissues were 187 and 264 ng g−1 lw respectively. The alternative flame retardants were not identified. The sum of PBDE and MeO-PBDE levels recorded in murex from the investigated aquatic ecosystem were comparable or a relatively lower than those reported for other organisms from other regions across the world. The amount of PBDE and MeO-PBDE concentrations from the Bizerte Lagoon recorded in murex were comparable or a relatively lower than those recorded from other areas across the world for other species. There is not a danger to the population health with regard to PBDE intakes associated with the consumption of murex in Bizerte city. We believe that this is the first study of the analysis of these pollutants in marine gastropod mollusks from Tunisian aquatic areas.



The Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (CEMAGUA-CGL2007-64551/HID) and the Tunisian Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research supported this study. The authors are thankful to R. Chaler, D. Fangul, and M. Comesaña for their help at the mass spectrometry work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walid Ben Ameur
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ali Annabi
    • 3
  • Yassine El Megdiche
    • 1
  • Takoua Mhadhbi
    • 4
  • Sihem Ben Hassine
    • 1
  • Badreddine Barhoumi
    • 1
  • Soufiane Touil
    • 1
  • Mohamed Ridha Driss
    • 1
  • Damia Barceló
    • 2
  • Ethel Eljarrat
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Heteroatom Organic Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences of BizerteUniversity of CarthageZarzounaTunisia
  2. 2.Department of Environmental ChemistryIDAEA-CSICBarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Department of Life Sciences, Faculty of Sciences of GabesUniversity of GabesGabèsTunisia
  4. 4.Department of Life Sciences, Faculty of Sciences of BizerteUniversity of CarthageZarzounaTunisia

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