Concentrations, Sources, and TEQ of PCDD/Fs in Sediments from the Liaohe River Protected Areas

  • Xin KeEmail author
  • Yifang Qi
  • Qinghua Bao
  • Haijun Zhang


A preliminary study was conducted to examine the contamination of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) in surface sediments collected from the Liaohe River. The contamination levels of PCDD/Fs ranged from 317.3 to 509.3 pg/g dw. According to the calculated WHO-TEQ (Toxic Equivalent Quantity of World Health Organization), the range of PCDD/Fs is 13.87–40.88 pg/g dw. A principal component analysis and a cluster analysis suggested that PCDD/Fs in the sediments were mainly from gasoline/diesel vehicle emissions and solid waste incineration. The study revealed that the establishment of protected areas did not markedly reduced the ecological risk caused by PCDD/Fs in the Liaohe River protected areas sediments. It is necessary to study further the environmental impact of PCDD/Fs on the environment.



This study was supported by the Major Science and Technology Program for Water Pollution Control and Treatment (Grant No. 2012ZX07202-004-02).


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Energy and EnvironmentShenyang Aerospace UniversityShenyangChina

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