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Metallothionein Gene Expression in Liver of Rats Exposed to Cadmium and Supplemented with Zinc and Selenium

  • Mohamed BanniEmail author
  • Imed Messaoudi
  • Lamia Said
  • Jihen El Heni
  • Abdelhamid Kerkeni
  • Khaled Said
Article

Abstract

Cadmium (Cd), one of the most widely distributed heavy metals, is highly toxic to humans and animals. It is well known that zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se) administration reduce the Cd-induced toxicity and that metallothioneins can have a protective effect to mitigate Cd toxicity in biological systems. In this study we report the expression analysis of the two metallothioneines gene classes MT-1 and MT-2 as well as the total metalloprotein content in the liver of rats exposed to Cd (200 ppm), Cd + Zn (200 ppm + 500 ppm), Cd + Se (200 ppm + 0.1 ppm) or Cd + Zn + Se (200 ppm + 500 ppm + 0.1 ppm) in their drinking water for 35 days. Metals accumulation was quantified in rat liver. Cd decreased significantly the hepatic concentrations of Se and increased those of Zn. The treatment of Cd-exposed rats with Se alone or combined with Zn reversed the Cd-induced depletion of Se concentrations in the liver. However, Zn or Zn + Se administration significantly increased the liver Cd uptake and had no effect on the Cd-induced increase in hepatic concentrations of Zn. The molecular assay showed a decreasing trend of MT-1 relative gene expression levels in animals supplemented with Zn (6.87-fold), Se (3.58-fold), and their combination (1.69-fold) when compared to Cd-treated animals (16.22-fold). Upregulation of the MT-2 expression were recorded in all conditions, although fold induction levels were less pronounced than MT-1 expressions. Our data suggest that the well-established protective effect of Zn and Se against Cd-induced toxicity passes through non-MT gene expression mechanisms, being more dependent on the oxidative stress status of the cell.

Keywords

Oxidative Stress Status Upstream Stimulation Factor Relative Expression Software Tool Reverse Transcriptase Reaction Mixture Fold Induction Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by funds from “ Ministère de l’Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche Scientifique; UR “Biochimie et Toxicologie Environnementale,” and UR “Génétique, Biodiversité et Valorisation des Bioressources, Institut Supérieure de Biotechnologie de Monastir.”

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Banni
    • 1
    Email author
  • Imed Messaoudi
    • 2
  • Lamia Said
    • 2
  • Jihen El Heni
    • 3
  • Abdelhamid Kerkeni
    • 3
  • Khaled Said
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Biochimie et Toxicologie de l’Environnement, ISASousseTunisie
  2. 2.Unité de Recherche: Génétique, Biodiversité et Valorisation des BioressourcesInstitut Supérieure de Biotechnologie de MonastirMonastirTunisie
  3. 3.Département de Biophysique, Faculté de Médecine de MonastirUnité de Recherche: Eléments Traces, Radicaux Libres, Antioxydants, Pathologies Humaines et EnvironnementMonastirTunisie

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