Toxicity of Sediment Cores Collected from the Ashtabula River in Northeastern Ohio, USA, to the Amphipod Hyalella azteca

  • Christopher G. Ingersoll
  • Nile E. Kemble
  • James L. Kunz
  • William G. Brumbaugh
  • Donald D. MacDonald
  • Dawn Smorong
Erratum

Erratum to: Arch Environ Contam Toxicol (2009) 57:315–329 DOI 10.1007/s00244-009-9332-9

In the online and printed version of this article, a few values in Table 3 are incorrect. These corrections are made on the following page (i.e., thresholds or maximum concentrations of dieldrin, p,p′-DDD, p,p′-DDE; percentage of samples above maximum phenanthrene or p,p′-DDD concentrations).
Table 3

Spearman rank correlations for toxicity data and the physical or chemical data presented by Ingersoll et al. (2008a, Appendixes 3–8)

Variable

Toxicity endpoint

Threshold

Percentage of samples above threshold

Survival

Length

Total ammonia

−0.16

−0.51*

>32 mg N/la

92

Unionized ammonia

−0.13

−0.032

>1.5 mg N/la

36

Sand

−0.048

−0.083

NA

NA

Total organic carbon

−0.28

−0.40

NA

NA

Cd

−0.41

−0.76*

4.98 μg/gb

0 (max: 3.9 μg/g)c

Cu

−0.18

−0.20

149 μg/gb

0 (max: 22 μg/g)

Ni

−0.15

−0.51*

48.6 μg/gb

0 (max: 11 μg/g)

Pb

−0.46*

−0.72*

128 μg/gb

0 (max: 98 μg/g)

Zn

−0.54*

−0.56*

459 μg/gb

2

Average metal PEC-Q

−0.49

−0.75*

1.0b

0 (max: 0.65)

Average metal PEC-Q (oc normalized)

−0.27

−0.69*

1.0d

0 (max: 0.33)

ΣSEM – AVS

−0.066

−0.20

>0e

4

ΣSEM – AVS/foc

−0.082

−0.20

>130e

0 (max: 60)

Biphenyl

−0.34

−0.75*

1.22 μg/gf

0 (max: 0.030 μg/g)

Fluorene

−0.11

−0.67*

0.536 μg/gb

0 (max: 0.29 μg/g)

Naphthalene

−0.35

−0.71*

0.561 μg/gb

0 (max: 0.14 μg/g)

Phenanthrene

−0.21

−0.56*

1.17 μg/gb

8

Total PAH PEC-Q

−0.25

−0.31

4.56 μg/gg

69

Total PAH PEC-Q (oc normalized)

−0.044

−0.20

4.56 μg/gd

33

ΣESBTU for PAHs

−0.066

−0.198

1.0h

84

Hexachlorobiphenyl

−0.26

−0.60*

0.24 μg/gi

0 (max: 0.22 μg/g)

α-Chlordane

−0.25

−0.55*

0.176 μg/g (total)b

0 (max: 0.015 μg/g)

Dieldrin

−0.36

−0.63*

0.0618 μg/gb

2

p,p′-DDD

−0.23

−0.61*

0.028 μg/g (sum)b

20

p,p′-DDD

−0.23

−0.61*

1.600 μg/g (sum)j

0 (max: 0.053 μg/g)

p,p′-DDE

−0.29

−0.63*

0.0313 μg/g (sum)b

0 (max: 0.017 μg/g)

Total PCB PEC-Q

−0.27

−0.64*

0.676 μg/gb

68

Total PCBs

−0.27

−0.64*

3.5 μg/gk

16

Total PCB PEC-Q (oc normalized)

−0.25

−0.68*

0.676 μg/gd

49

Mean PEC-Q

−0.28

−0.66*

1.0b

36

Mean PEC-Q (oc normalized)

−0.25

−0.70*

1.0d

24

Note: NA not applicable, max maximum. * Significant correlation, at p < 0.005 (only select variables that were not significant are included)

aNile Kemble (unpublished data). Hyalella azteca 28-day IC20 (nonionized ammonia calculated for pH 8)

bFrom MacDonald et al. (2000). Probable effect concentration

cIf no samples exceeded the threshold, the maximum concentration for all samples is included in the parentheses

dFrom this study

eFrom USEPA (2005)

fFrom Region III BTAG Freshwater Screening Benchmarks, 2004. Available at: http://www.epa.gov/reg3hwmd/risk/eco/btag/sbv/fw/screenbench.htm

gFrom Ingersoll et al. (2001)

hFrom USEPA (2003) and Dave Mount, USEPA, Duluth MN (personal communication). An ΣESBTU threshold of 1.0 was established based on an estimated critical body burden of about 2 μmol total PAHs/g lipid for 28-day growth of Hyalella azteca in water-only exposures and a final chronic value of about 2.2 μmol total PAHs/goc in sediment

iFrom Persaud et al. (1993). Severe effect level at 1% TOC

jFrom Ingersoll et al. (2005). Hyalella azteca 28-day IC25 for length in spiked sediment at 1% TOC

kFrom Fuchsman et al. (2006). Threshold calculated as the average of the benchmark for Aroclor 1242 and 1248 at 1% TOC

Copyright information

© US Government 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher G. Ingersoll
    • 1
  • Nile E. Kemble
    • 1
  • James L. Kunz
    • 1
  • William G. Brumbaugh
    • 1
  • Donald D. MacDonald
    • 2
  • Dawn Smorong
    • 2
  1. 1.Columbia Environmental Research Center (CERC)U.S. Geological SurveyColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.MacDonald Environmental Sciences Ltd.NanaimoCanada

Personalised recommendations