Osprey Distribution, Abundance, Reproductive Success and Contaminant Burdens Along Lower Columbia River, 1997/1998 Versus 2004

Article

Abstract

The osprey (Pandion haliaetus) population nesting along the lower portion of the Columbia River (river mile 29 to 286) increased from 94 in 1997 to 103 occupied nests in 1998 (9.6% annual rate of increase) to 225 occupied nests in 2004 (13.9% annual rate of increase). The more recent rate of population increase was associated with higher reproductive rates than in 1997/1998, and significantly lower egg concentrations of most organochlorine (OC) pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs). A comparison of observed egg residue concentrations in 2004 with effect-level information for ospreys indicated that reproduction at few, if any, nests was adversely affected. As recent as 1997/1998, dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) was still adversely affecting reproductive success for a portion of this population. Mercury was the only contaminant evaluated in both 1997/1998 and 2004 that showed a significant increase in eggs over time, but concentrations in 2004 (0.09 μg g−1 ww) remained below established effect levels for birds (generally reported at 0.50 μg g−1 ww or higher). The significant increase in mercury justifies the need for future monitoring. All contaminants mentioned that biomagnify up food chains can be effectively monitored in osprey eggs. The osprey has been shown to be an excellent sentinel species for long-term monitoring with their many useful traits described.

Keywords

Osprey Columbia River Reproduction Organochlorine pesticides Dioxins Furans Polychlorinated biphenyls Mercury 

References

  1. Blus LJ (1984) DDE in birds’ eggs: Comparison of two methods for estimating critical levels. Wilson Bull 96:268–276Google Scholar
  2. Burger J, Gochfeld M (1997) Risk, mercury levels, and birds: Relating adverse laboratory effects to field biomonitoring. Environ Res 75:160–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Elliott JE, Wilson LK, Wakeford B (2005) Polybrominated diphenyl ether trends in eggs of marine and freshwater birds from British Columbia, Canada, 1979–2002. Environ Sci Tech 39:5584–5591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Elliott JE, Morrissey CA, Henny CJ, Inzunza ER, Shaw P (2007) Satellite telemetry and prey sampling reveal contaminant sources to Pacific Northwest ospreys. Ecol Appl 17:1223–1233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Elliott JE, Machmer MM, Henny CJ, Wilson LK, Norstrom RJ (1998) Contaminants in ospreys from the Pacific Northwest: I. Trends and patterns in polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in eggs and plasma. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 35:620–631CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Elliott JE, Machmer MM, Wilson LK, Henny CJ (2000) Contaminants in ospreys from the Pacific Northwest: II. Organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls and mercury, 1991–1997. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 38:93–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Elliott JE, Wilson LK, Henny CJ, Trudeau SF, Leighton FA, Kennedy SW, Cheng KM (2001) Assessment of biological effects of chlorinated hydrocarbons in osprey chicks. Environ Toxicol Chem 20:866–879CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. GLIER (1995) Methods and Procedures Quality Manual, 1st ed., O Revision. Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada (July 1995)Google Scholar
  9. Golden NH, Rattner BA (2003) Ranking terrestrial vertebrate species for utility in biomonitoring and vulnerability to environmental contaminants. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 176:67–136Google Scholar
  10. Henny CJ, Kaiser JL (1996) Osprey population increase along the Willamette River, Oregon, and the role of utility structures, 1976–1993. In: Bird DM, Varland DE, Negro JJ (eds) Raptors in Human Landscapes. Academic, London, pp. 97–108Google Scholar
  11. Henny CJ, Grove RA, Kaiser JL, Bentley VR (2004) An evaluation of osprey eggs to determine spatial residue patterns and effects of contaminants along the lower Columbia River, USA. In: Chancellor RD, Meyburg BY (eds) Raptors Worldwide, WWGBP/MME, Budapest, Hungary, pp 369–388Google Scholar
  12. Henny CJ, Hill EF, Hoffman DJ, Spalding MG, Grove RA (2002) Nineteenth century mercury: Hazard to wading birds and cormorants of the Carson River, Nevada. Ecotoxicology 11:213–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Henny CJ, Kaiser JL, Grove RA, Bentley VR, Elliott JE (2003) Biomagnification factors (fish to osprey eggs from the Willamette River, Oregon, USA) for PCDDs, PCDFs, PCBs and OC pesticides. Environ Monitor Assess 84:275–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kammerer JC (1990) Largest rivers in the United States. US Geological Survey, Water Fact Sheet Open-File Report 87–242 (Revised), Reston, VAGoogle Scholar
  15. Lazar R, Edwards RC, Metcalfe CD, Metcalfe T, Gobas FAPC, Haffner GD (1992) A simple, novel method for the quantitative analysis of coplanar (non-ortho substituted) polychlorinated biphenyls in environmental samples. Chemosphere 25:493–504CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lincer JL (1975) DDE-induced eggshell thinning in the American kestrel: A comparison of the field situation with laboratory results. J Appl Ecol 12:781–793CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Martell MS, Henny CJ, Nye PE, Solensky MJ (2001) Fall migration routes, timing, and wintering sites of North American ospreys as determined by satellite telemetry. Condor 103:715–724CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Postupalsky S (1977) A critical review of problems in calculating osprey reproductive success. In: Ogden JC (ed) Transactions No. American Osprey Research Conf., Trans. and Proc. Series, No. 2. Natl Park Serv, Washington DC, pp. 1–11Google Scholar
  19. Rattner BA, McGowan PC, Golden NH, Hatfield JS, Toschik PC, Lukei RF, Hale RC, Schmitz-Afonso I, Rice CP (2004) Contaminant exposure and reproductive success of ospreys (Pandion haliaetus) nesting in Chesapeake Bay regions of concern. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 47:126–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Rayne S, Ikonomou MG, Antcliffe B (2003) Rapidly increasing polybrominated diphenyl ether concentrations in the Columbia River system from 1992 to 2000. Environ Sci Tech 37:2847–2854CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Rosetta T, Borys D (1996) Identification of sources of pollutants in the lower Columbia River Basin. Lower Columbia Bi-State Water Quality Program, Portland, OR, 158 pp + AppendicesGoogle Scholar
  22. SAS Institute (1999) SAS User’s Guide: Statistics, Version 8.0 Edition, SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NCGoogle Scholar
  23. Stickel LF, Wiemeyer SN, Blus LJ (1973) Pesticide residues in eggs of wild birds: Adjustment for loss of moisture and lipid. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 9:193–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Toschik PC, Rattner BA, McGowan PC, Christman MC, Carter DB, Hale RC, Matson CW, Ottinger MA (2005) Effects of contaminant exposure on reproductive success of ospreys (Pandion haliaetus) nesting in Delaware River and Bay, USA. Environ Toxicol Chem 24:617–628CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Van den Berg M, Birnbaum L, Bosveld AT, Brunstrom B, Cook P, Feeley M, Giesy JP, Hanberg A, Hasegawa R, Kennedy SW, Kubiak T, Larsen JC, van Leeuwen FX, Liem AK, Nolt C, Peterson RE, Poellinger L, Safe S, Schrenk D, Tillitt D, Tysklind M, Younes M, Waern F, Zacharwski T (1998). Toxic equivalency factors (TEFs) for PCBs, PCDDs, PCDFs for humans and wildlife. Environ Health Perspect 106:775–792CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wiemeyer SN, Bunck CM, Krynitsky AJ (1988) Organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, and mercury in osprey eggs –1970–1979– and their relationships to shell thinning and productivity. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 17:767–787CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Woodford JE, Krasov WH, Meyer ME, Chambers L (1998) Impact of 2,3,7,8-TCDD exposure on survival, growth, and behaviour of ospreys breeding in Wisconsin, USA. Environ Toxicol Chem 17:1323–1331CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science CenterUS Geological SurveyCorvallisUSA

Personalised recommendations