Inhibitory Effect of Mannan on the Toxicity Produced in Mice Fed Aflatoxin B1 Contaminated Corn
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Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a potent mutagenic and carcinogenic agent found in numerous agricultural and dairy products consumed by humans. Therefore, we evaluated the capacity of mannan to cope with its genotoxic potential. We prepared a diet constituted of corn (90%) plus the recommended amount of other nutrients, as well as with the tested compounds (mannan and/or AFB1). Mice were fed this diet during 4 weeks as follows: one group with AFB1-contaminated corn (0.25 mg/kg of corn), three groups with mannan (50, 250, and 500 mg/kg of corn) plus AFB1 (0.25 mg/kg), another group with only mannan (500 mg/kg), and the last group with an uncontaminated diet and no mannan added. We determined the weight, the micronucleated normochromatic erythrocyte rate (MNNE), the polychromatic/normochromatic index, and the sister chromatid exchange rate (SCE). We also examined the recovery response of mice during 4 additional weeks, when they were fed only the normal diet without AFB1 or mannan. The results in the first period revealed the following: a) mice fed with mannan alone presented values in the range determined for the control group; b) mice fed AFB1 had a significant weight decrease, as well as a significant increase in the rate of MNNE and SCE; and c) animals fed the combined regimen (AFB1 plus mannan) presented a 25% weight increase with respect to the animals treated with AFB1 alone, as well as a significant reduction in the level of MNNE and SCE with the two high doses tested. In the second (recovery) period, the control and the mannan fed groups maintained values similar to those exhibited in the previous phase, and the AFB1 group as well as the groups fed the regimen combined with mannan showed an improvement in all evaluated parameters; the best response was that found in mice fed AFB1 plus 500 mg/kg of mannan. Our study established an antigenotoxic effect of mannan that could be due to its adsorbent capacity.