Perfluorinated Compounds in Aquatic Organisms at Various Trophic Levels in a Great Lakes Food Chain Article First Online: 26 March 2005 DOI:
Cite this article as: Kannan, K., Tao, L., Sinclair, E. et al. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol (2005) 48: 559. doi:10.1007/s00244-004-0133-x Abstract
Trophic transfer of perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) and other related perfluorinated compounds was examined in a Great Lakes benthic foodweb including water–algae–zebra mussel–round goby–smallmouth bass. In addition, perfluorinated compounds were measured in livers and eggs of Chinook salmon and lake whitefish, in muscle tissue of carp, and in eggs of brown trout collected from Michigan. Similarly, green frog livers, snapping turtle plasma, mink livers, and bald eagle tissues were analyzed to determine concentrations in higher trophic-level organisms in the food chain. PFOS was the most widely detected compound in benthic organisms at various trophic levels. Concentrations of PFOS in benthic invertebrates such as amphipods and zebra mussels were approximately 1000-fold greater than those in surrounding water, which suggested a bioconcentration factor (BCF; concentration in biota/concentration in water) of 1000 in benthic invertebrates. Concentrations of PFOS in round gobies were two- to fourfold greater than those in their prey organisms such as zebra mussels and amphipods. Concentrations of PFOS in predatory fishes (Chinook salmon and lake whitefish) were 10 to 20-fold greater than those in their prey species. Concentrations of PFOS in mink and bald eagles were, on average, 5- to 10-fold greater than those in Chinook salmon, carp, or snapping turtles. Because of the accumulation of PFOS in liver and blood, the biomagnification factor (BMF) of perfluorinated compounds in higher trophic-level organisms such as salmonid fishes, mink, and eagles were based on the concentrations in livers or plasma. Overall, these results suggest a BCF of PFOS of approximately 1000 (whole-body based) in benthic invertebrates, and a BMF of 10 to 20 in mink or bald eagles, relative to their prey items. Eggs of fish contained notable concentrations of PFOS, suggesting oviparous transfer of this compound. PFOA was found in water, but its biomagnification potential was lower than that of PFOS.
References Austin, ME, Kasturi, BS, Barber, M, Kannan, K, Mohankumar, PS, Mohankumar, SMJ 2003 Neuroendocrine effects of perfluorooctane sulfonate in rats Environ Health Perspect 111 1485 1489 PubMed Google Scholar Bruner, KA, Fisher, SW, Landrum, PF 1994 The role of the zebra mussels, Dreissena polymorpha, in contaminant cycling: 1. The effect of body size and lipid content on the bioconcentration of PCBs and PAHs J Great Lakes Res 20 725 734 Google Scholar Giesy, JP, Kannan, K 2001 Global distribution of perfluorooctane sulfonate and related perfluorinated compounds in wildlife Environ Sci Technol 35 1339 1342 PubMed Google Scholar Giesy, JP, Kannan, K 2002 Perfluorochemicals in the environment Environ Sci Technol 36 147A 152A Google Scholar Hanari, N, Kannan, K, Horii, Y, Taniyasu, S, Yamashita, N, Jude, DJ, Berg, MB 2004 Polychlorinated naphthalenes and polychlorinated biphenyls in benthic organisms of a Great Lakes food chain Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 47 84 93 PubMed Google Scholar Hansen, KJ, Clemen, LA, Ellefson, ME, Johnson, HO 2001 Compound-specific, quantitative characterization of organic fluorochemicals in biological matrices Environ Sci Technol 35 766 770 PubMed Google Scholar Hansen, KJ, Johnson, HO, Eldridge, JS, Butenhoff, JL, Dick, LA 2002 Quantitative characterization of trace levels of PFOS and PFOA in the Tennessee River Environ Sci Technol 36 1681 1685 PubMed Google Scholar Johnson, JD, Gibson, SJ, Ober, RF 1984 Cholestyramine-enhanced fecal elimination of carbon-14 in rats after administration of ammonium [14C] perfluorooctanoate or potassium [14C]perfluorooctanesulfonate Fund Appl Toxicol 4 972 976 Google Scholar Jude, DJ, Janssen, J, Crawford, G 1995 Ecology, distribution, and impact of the newly introduced round and tubenose gobies on the biota of the St. Clair and Detroit Rivers Munawar, M Edsall, T Leach, J eds. The Lake Huron ecosystem: ecology, fisheries and management Ecovision World Monograph Series Amsterdam, The Netherlands 447– 460 Google Scholar Kannan, K, Hansen, SP, Franson, CJ, Bowerman, WW, Hansen, KJ, Jones, PD, Giesy, JP 2001a Perfluorooctane sulfonate in fish-eating water birds including bald eagles and albatrosses Environ Sci Technol 35 3065 3070 Google Scholar Kannan, K, Koistinen, J, Beckmen, K, Evans, T, Gorzelany, J, Hansen, KJ, Jones, PD, Giesy, JP 2001b Accumulation of perfluorooctane sulfonate in marine mammals Environ Sci Technol 35 1593 1598 Google Scholar Kannan, K, Hansen, KJ, Wade, TL, Giesy, JP 2002a Perfluorooctane sulfonate in oysters, Crassostrea virginica, from the Gulf of Mexico and Chesapeake Bay, USA Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 42 313 318 Google Scholar Kannan, K, Corsolini, S, Falandysz, J, Oehme, G, Focardi, S, Giesy, JP 2002b Perfluorooctane sulfonate and related fluorinated hydrocarbons in marine mammals, fish and birds from coasts of the Baltic and the Mediterranean Seas Environ Sci Technol 36 3210 3216 Google Scholar Kannan, K, Newsted, J, Halbrook, RS, Giesy, JP 2002c Perfluorooctane sulfonate and related fluorinated hydrocarbons in mink and river otters from the United States Environ Sci Technol 36 2566 2571 Google Scholar Kannan, K, Choi, J-W, Iseki, N, Senthilkumar, K, Kim, DH, Masunaga, S, Giesy, JP 2002d Concentrations of perfluorinated acids in livers of birds from Japan and Korea Chemosphere 49 225 231 Google Scholar Martin, GW, Corkum, LD 1994 Predation of zebra mussels by crayfish Can J Zool 72 1867 1871 Google Scholar Martin, JW, Mabury, SA, Solomon, KR, Muir, DCG 2003 Bioconcentration and tissue distribution of perfluorinated acids in rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss) Environ Toxicol Chem 22 196 204 PubMed Google Scholar Martin, JW, Smithwick, MM, Braune, BM, Hoekstra, PF, Muir, DCG, Mabury, SA 2004 Identification of long-chain perfluorinated acids in biota from the Canadian Arctic Environ Sci Technol 38 373 380 PubMed Google Scholar Marsden, JE 1997 Common carp diet includes zebra mussels and lake trout eggs J Freshw Ecol 12 491 492 Google Scholar Moody, CA, Martin, JW, Kwan, WC, Muir, DCG, Mabury, SA 2002 Monitoring perfluorinated surfactants in biota and surface water samples following an accidental release of fire-fighting foam into Etobicoke creek Environ Sci Technol 36 545 551 PubMed Google Scholar Rattner, BA, McGowan, PC, Golden, NH, Hatfield, JS, Toschik, PC, Lukei, RF, Jr, Hale, RC, Schmitz-Afonso, I, Rice, CP 2004 Contaminant exposure and reproductive success of ospreys ( Pandion haliaetus) nesting in Chesapeake Bay regions of concern Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 47 126 140 PubMed Google Scholar Rybicki, RW, Clapp, DF 1996Diet of Chinook salmon in eastern Lake Michigan, 1991–1993. Fisheries Division research report no. 2027 Michigan Department of Natural Resources Cherlevoix, Michigan 22 Google Scholar Saito, N, Saski, K, Nakatome, K, Harada, K, Yoshinaga, T, Koizumi, A 2003 Perfluoroctanesulfonate concentrations in surface water in Japan Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 45 149 158 PubMed Google Scholar Savitz, J, Bardygulla, LG, Scoma, L 1996 Fish species in Chicago harbors of Lake Michigan, 1988 to 1990, as determined by electroshocking and creel surveys J Freshw Ecol 11 469 474 Google Scholar Schultz, MM, Barofsky, DF, Field, JA 2004 Quantitative determination of fluorotelomer sulfonates in groundwater by LC MS/MS Environ Sci Technol 38 1828 1835 PubMed Google Scholar Senthilkumar, K, Kannan, K, Giesy, JP, Masunaga, S 2002 Distribution and elimination of polychlorinated dibenzo- p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, biphenyls, and p,p′-DDE in tissues of bald eagles from the Upper Peninsula of Michigan Environ Sci Technol 36 2789 2796 PubMed Google Scholar Sinclair, E, Taniyasu, S, Yamashita, N, Kannan, K 2004 Perfluorooctanoic acid and perfluorooctane sulfonate in Michigan and New York waters Organohalogen Compounds 67 4069 4073 Google Scholar Stock, NL, Lau, FK, Ellis, DA, Martin, JW, Muir, DCG, Mabury, SA 2004 Polyfluorinated telomere alcohols and sulfonamides in the North American troposphere Environ Sci Technol 38 991 996 PubMed Google Scholar Taniyasu, S, Kannan, K, Horii, Y, Hanari, N, Yamashita, N 2003 A survey of perfluorooctane sulfonate and related perfluorinated organic compounds in water, fish, birds and humans from Japan Environ Sci Technol 37 2634 2639 PubMed Google Scholar Tomy, GT, Tittlemier, SA, Palace, VP, Budakowski, WR, Braekevelt, E, Brinkworth, L, Friesen, K 2004 Biotransformation of N-ethyl perfluorooctanesulfonamide by rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss) liver microsomes Environ Sci Technol 38 758 762 PubMed Google Scholar Vijver, KI, Hoff, PT, Das, K, Dongen, W, Esmans, EL, Jauniaux, T, Bouquegneau, JM, Blust, R, Coen, W 2003 Perfluorinated chemicals infiltrate ocean waters: link between exposure levels and stable isotope ratios in marine mammals Environ Sci Technol 37 5545 5550 PubMed Google Scholar Yamashita, N, Kannan, K, Taniyasu, S, Horii, Y, Okazawa, T, Petrick, G, Gamo, T 2004 Analysis of perfluorinated acids at parts-per-quadrillion levels in seawater using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry Environ Sci Technol 38 5522 5528 PubMed Google Scholar Copyright information
© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005