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Urological Research

, Volume 34, Issue 4, pp 277–282 | Cite as

A novel antioxidant agent, astragalosides, prevents shock wave-induced renal oxidative injury in rabbits

  • Xiang Li
  • Dalin He
  • Linlin Zhang
  • Xinfa Cheng
  • Binwu Sheng
  • Yong Luo
Original Paper

Abstract

Extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL)-induced renal damage can occur as a result of multiple mechanisms, including small vessel injury and free radical formation. Our previous studies have demonstrated that Astragalus membranaceus (AM), a traditional Chinese herb, could significantly alleviate shock wave-induced renal oxidative injury, and its renoprotective effects were superior to those of varapamil, a calcium antagonist, which were considered to be a powerful agent in treating renal damage during ESWL. However, the effective antioxidant ingredient of this herb in the setting of lithotripsy remains unclear. Astragalosides, the major components of AM, was demonstrated to have superior antioxidation properties both in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, in this study we further investigate the potential effects of astragalosides on the shock wave-induced oxidative stress in rabbit kidney. Thirty male rabbits were randomly assigned to two groups, each consisting of 15 rabbits: (1) control group, (2) astragaloside-treated group. Each group of animals underwent 1,500 shock waves to the right kidney. Peripheral blood, urine and kidney tissue samples were collected pre- and post-ESWL. The level of urinary N-acetyl-β-glucosaminidase (NAG), serum creatinine, serum or homogenates malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), respectively, were detected. Histological alterations were also examined through light microcopy and transmission electron microscopy. In the control group, shock wave significantly increased the level of MDA and decreased SOD activity in both blood and renal homogenates (P < 0.05, respectively). The comparison between the control and astragalosides group demonstrated that astragalosides could significantly decrease the level of MDA (P < 0.05) and inhibit the decline of SOD activity (P < 0.05). After exposure to shock waves, the activity of urinary NAG increased significantly in the control group (P < 0.05). However, the concentration of serum creatinine did not change significantly. The comparison between the control and astragalosides group demonstrated that astragalosides significantly reduced the shock wave-induced leakage of NAG into the urine (P < 0.05). Histological examination also showed that renal morphological impairments were much milder in astragaloside-treated rabbits than those of the control group. Our results indicated that astragaloside treatment provided significant protection against shock wave-induced renal oxidative injury.

Keywords

Shock waves Renal injury Astragalosides Antioxidation Rabbits 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiang Li
    • 1
  • Dalin He
    • 1
  • Linlin Zhang
    • 1
  • Xinfa Cheng
    • 1
  • Binwu Sheng
    • 1
  • Yong Luo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Urology, School of MedicineXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’an, ShaanxiChina

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