Urological Research

, Volume 32, Issue 4, pp 266–270 | Cite as

Bacterial translocation in experimental uremia

  • João Bosco de Almeida Duarte
  • José Eduardo de Aguilar-Nascimento
  • Mariana Nascimento
  • Rubens Jardim NochiJr.
Original Paper


The aim of this study was to investigate whether or not experimental uremia would induce bacterial translocation. Forty male Wistar rats were randomized into two groups: uremic (n=20) and control (n=20). Under anesthesia, the upper and lower left renal poles and the marginal lateral parenchyma were excised in uremic group. Seven days later, in a second operation the whole right kidney was removed. In control animals, two sham operations with the same interval were performed. After 60 days from the first operation, the liver, spleen and the mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) were excised and cultured. Blood samples were sent for biochemical analysis (BUN, creatinine, sodium and potassium) and cultured. Specimens of the jejunum (1 cm below the Treitz angle) and ileum (1 cm above the ileocecal valve) were collected and sent for histological examination and scored for the degree of inflammation of the mucosa using a classification proposed by Chiu et al. in 1970. Uremic rats presented higher BUN, creatinine and potassium than controls. Bacterial translocation was more frequent in uremic than in control animals (8/20 (40%) vs. 1/20 (5%); p=0.02). Translocation in uremic rats was observed mainly at the MLN (all eight cases). Both at the jejunum (uremic=3 [0–5] vs. control=2 [0–4]; p=0.04) and the ileum (uremic=2 [0–5] vs. control=0 [0–3]; p=0.01), inflammation score was higher in uremic rats than in controls. The intestinal mucosa barrier is impaired and bacterial translocation occurs in experimental uremia.


Bacterial translocation Uremia Small bowel Inflammation Renal failure 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • João Bosco de Almeida Duarte
    • 2
  • José Eduardo de Aguilar-Nascimento
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mariana Nascimento
    • 2
  • Rubens Jardim NochiJr.
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Medical School of Medicine and Collective Health InstituteFederal University of Mato GrossoCuiabaBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Surgery, Medical School of Medicine and Collective Health InstituteFederal University of Mato GrossoCuiabaBrazil

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