Journal of Molecular Evolution

, Volume 58, Issue 5, pp 568–583 | Cite as

Chinese Strains (Type 7) of JC Virus Are Afro-Asiatic in Origin But Are Phylogenetically Distinct from the Mongolian and Indian Strains (Type 2D) and the Korean and Japanese Strains (Type 2A)

  • Xiaohong Cui
  • Jian C. Wang
  • Alison Deckhut
  • Bindu C. Joseph
  • Philipp Eberwein
  • Christopher L. Cubitt
  • Caroline F. Ryschkewitsch
  • Hansjurgen T. Agostini
  • Gerald L. Stoner


We have further characterized the Asian genotypes (Types 2 and 7) and subtypes of JC virus (JCV). Urine samples from 224 individuals with Han and Mongolian populations were collected in five regions in eastern China: Kunming, Chengdu, Shenyang, Chifeng, and Manzhouli. Also, 99 urine samples were collected from coastal and hill groups in Kerala, southern India, and 23 urine samples from Seoul, Korea. PCR products of four typing fragments were sequenced, including two in the VP1 gene, as well as one each in the VT intergenic region and regulatory region. It was possible to clone and sequence a total of 42 JCV whole genomes (~5120 bp). Five genotypes of JCV (Types 7A, 7B, 7C, 2D, and 4) were found in China, four genotypes (Types 2D, 7C, 4, and 1B) in southern India, and three genotypes (Types 7B, 2A, and 1A) in Korea. Type 7A was most prevalent in South China (59–64%) and Type 7B was predominant in northeast China and Inner Mongolia (67–77%). Type 7C strains were spread throughout North and South China (3–14%), while Type 2D strains were found only in the two Mongolian groups (9–10%). In southern India, Type 2D was predominant in the coastal group (95%), and two major types, Type 7C (50%) and Type 2D (35%), were prevalent in the tribal hill groups. In Korea two major genotypes were found: Type 7B (50%) and Type 2A (43%). Phylogenetic reconstruction places the Chinese genotypes in the Afro-Asiatic supercluster, but distinct from the Mongolian and Indian strains (Type 2D), as well as the Korean and Japanese genotype (Type 2A) that predominates in the Americas.


JC virus Polyomavirus Genotypes Viral evolution Phylogenetics Urine China India Korea 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaohong Cui
    • 1
  • Jian C. Wang
    • 1
  • Alison Deckhut
    • 1
  • Bindu C. Joseph
    • 1
  • Philipp Eberwein
    • 2
  • Christopher L. Cubitt
    • 1
  • Caroline F. Ryschkewitsch
    • 1
  • Hansjurgen T. Agostini
    • 2
  • Gerald L. Stoner
    • 1
  1. 1.Neurotoxicology SectionNational Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, MSC-4126, 36 Convent Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892-4126USA
  2. 2.Department of OphthalmologyUniversity of Freiburg, Killianstr. 5, 79106 FreiburgGermany

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