European Journal of Plastic Surgery

, Volume 42, Issue 6, pp 549–558 | Cite as

An approach to lipedema: a literature review of current knowledge of an underestimated health problem

  • Alper TuğralEmail author
  • Yeşim Bakar


Lipedema, which has been known as an adipose tissue disorder characterized by abnormal fat deposition, mostly affects women. This condition can easily be ruled out regarding its diagnosis because it is commonly misdiagnosed as obesity. True diagnosing and optimal management of lipedema show a great importance. As patients suffer from lipedema, not only experiencing physical symptoms such as tenderness or a feeling of heaviness but also psychological symptoms such as anxiety, they cause negative influences on quality of life of a person with lipedema. This paper tries to review all aspects of lipedema from diagnosis to management and assessment options.


Lipedema Lymphedema Body weight Obesity 


Patient consent

Patients provided written consent for the use of their images.

Conflict of interest

Alper Tuğral and Yeşim Bakar declare that they have no conflict of interests.

Ethical approval

For this type of study, a formal consent from a local ethics committee is not required.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Gölköy CampusBoluTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciencesİzmir Bakırçay UniversityIzmirTurkey

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