How to achieve a round, natural appearance of the nipple areola complex in breast reduction/pexy: a personal technique
Minimal-scar techniques for breast reduction and mastopexy have become very popular and are accepted worldwide. The vertical-scar mammaplasty is one of the most commonly performed techniques, producing excellent results. However, one of the most difficult aspects of this type of procedure is the correct pattern marking. In particular, the superior part—the mosque or mushroom pattern—is usually done freehand, and adjusted to each case. This freehand part is very challenging for those who are beginners and have little experience with vertical-scar mammaplasty. They often end up with asymmetrical, oval or teardrop areolas as a result.
Although several marking devices exist, we present an easy technique with an inexpensive measuring device, in order to achieve a round, predictable and natural appearance of the nipple areola complex after breast reduction or mastopexy.
Materials and methods
KeywordsNipple Areola Complex Breast Reduction Inframammary Fold Skin Elasticity Wide Pedicle
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