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European Journal of Plastic Surgery

, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp 24–28 | Cite as

A team approach to the indication for gender reassignment surgery in transsexuals resulting in long-term outcome improvement

  • R. de Roche
  • U. Rauchfleisch
  • B. Noelpp
  • V. Dittmann
  • A. Ermer
  • R. D. Stieglitz
  • J. J. Staub
  • Ch. Meier
  • T. C. Gasser
  • N. J. Lüscher
Original Paper

Abstract

At the University of Basel (Switzerland), a multidisciplinary team was established for pre-operative selection and treatment of patients with gender dysphoria. As a result, the indications for surgical gender reassignment could be judged with considerably greater accuracy than previously possible. In the 9-year period of this prospective study only 14 of 57 patients with gender dysphoria were selected for surgical treatment. At the time of this survey, six patients are still under psychiatric preoperative evaluation, and six further male-to-female transsexuals are under hormonal treatment awaiting surgery. Following the operation, only one of nine male-to-female patients is socially unstable and that patient’s quality of life is worse than prior to gender reassignment. Of the female-to-male transsexuals, all four are stable in their professional and family relations. In conclusion, a comprehensive evaluation of patients with gender dysphoria and the conclusive indications established within the team considerably improved the postoperative outcome of gender reassignment.

Keywords

Transsexualism Preoperative selection Surgical gender reassignment Prospective long-term follow up 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. de Roche
    • 1
    • 6
  • U. Rauchfleisch
    • 2
  • B. Noelpp
    • 3
  • V. Dittmann
    • 2
  • A. Ermer
    • 2
  • R. D. Stieglitz
    • 4
  • J. J. Staub
    • 3
  • Ch. Meier
    • 3
  • T. C. Gasser
    • 5
  • N. J. Lüscher
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Reconstructive Plastic SurgeryUniversity HospitalBaselSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of Forensic PsychiatryUniversity HospitalBaselSwitzerland
  3. 3.Department of EndocrinologyUniversity HospitalBaselSwitzerland
  4. 4.Psychiatric Outpatient DepartmentUniversity HospitalBaselSwitzerland
  5. 5.Urology DepartmentUniversity HospitalBaselSwitzerland
  6. 6.Coordinator of the Transsexuals Interdisciplinary Treatment TeamBasel University, Clinic at Merian Iselin HospitalBaselSwitzerland

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