Acta Informatica

, Volume 55, Issue 6, pp 521–545 | Cite as

Descending chains and narrowing on template abstract domains

  • Gianluca AmatoEmail author
  • Simone Di Nardo Di Maio
  • Maria Chiara Meo
  • Francesca Scozzari
Original Article


A static analysis by abstract interpretation is typically composed of an ascending phase followed by a descending one. The descending phase is used to improve the precision of the analysis after that a post-fixpoint has been reached. Termination is often guaranteed by using narrowing operators, especially on numerical domains which are generally endowed with infinite descending chains. Under the hypothesis of dealing with reducible flow graphs, we provide an abstract semantics which improves the analysis precision and we show that, for a large class of numerical abstract domains over integer variables (such as intervals, octagons, template parallelotopes and template polyhedra), infinite descending chains cannot arise and we can safely omit narrowing. The abstract semantics is a slight variation of the standard one and can be easily implemented. We also provide an acceleration procedure which ensures termination of the descending phase without narrowing even with non-reducible graphs. Finally, we propose a new family of weak narrowing operators for real variables which improve the analysis precision.

Mathematics Subject Classification

68Q60 68N30 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Università di Chieti-PescaraPescaraItaly

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