Acta Informatica

, Volume 51, Issue 3–4, pp 165–192 | Cite as

Efficient controller synthesis for a fragment of \(\hbox {MTL}_{0, \infty }\)

  • Peter BulychevEmail author
  • Alexandre David
  • Kim G. Larsen
  • Guangyuan Li
Original Article


In this paper we offer an efficient controller synthesis algorithm for assume-guarantee specifications of the form \(\varphi _1 \wedge \varphi _2 \wedge \cdots \wedge \varphi _n \rightarrow \psi _1 \wedge \psi _2 \wedge \cdots \wedge \psi _m\). Here, \(\{\varphi _i,\psi _j\}\) are all safety-MTL\(_{0, \infty }\) properties, where the sub-formulas \(\{\varphi _i\}\) are supposed to specify assumptions of the environment and the sub-formulas \(\{\psi _j\}\) are specifying requirements to be guaranteed by the controller. Our synthesis method exploits the engine of Uppaal-Tiga and the novel translation of safety- and co-safety-MTL\(_{0, \infty }\) properties into under-approximating, deterministic timed automata. Our approach avoids determinization of Büchi automata, which is the main obstacle for the practical applicability of controller synthesis for linear-time specifications. The experiments demonstrate that the chosen specification formalism is expressive enough to specify complex behaviors. The proposed approach is sound but not complete. However, it successfully produced solutions for all the experiments. Additionally we compared our tool with Acacia+ and Unbeast, state-of-the-art LTL synthesis tools; and our tool demonstrated better timing results, when we applied both tools to the analogous specifications.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Bulychev
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Alexandre David
    • 1
  • Kim G. Larsen
    • 1
  • Guangyuan Li
    • 2
  1. 1.CISS, CS, Aalborg UniversityÅlborgDenmark
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Computer Science, Institute of SoftwareChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Google Inc.Zurich, SwitzerlandUSA

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