Proton magnetic spectroscopic imaging of the child's brain: the response of tumors to treatment
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Our aim was to determine and/or predict response to treatment of brain tumors in children using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI). We studied 24 patients aged 10 months to 24 years, using MRI and point-resolved spectroscopy (PRESS; TR 2000 TE 65 ms) with volume preselection and phase-encoding in two dimensions on a 1.5 T imager. Multiple logistic regression was used to establish independent predictors of active tumor growth. Biologically vital cell metabolites, such as N-acetyl aspartate and choline-containing compounds (Cho), were significantly different between tumor and control tissues (P < 0.001). The eight brain tumors which responded to radiation or chemotherapy, exhibited lower Cho (P = 0.05), higher total creatine (tCr) (P = 0.02) and lower lactate and lipid (L) (P = 0.04) than16 tumors which were not treated (except by surgery) or did not respond to treatment. The only significant independent predictor of active tumor growth was tCr (P < 0.01). We suggest that tCr is useful in assessing response of brain tumors to treatment.
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