Detection of irreversible changes in susceptibility-weighted images after whole-brain irradiation of children
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Whole-brain irradiation is part of the therapy protocol for patients with medulloblastomas. Side effects and complications of radiation can be detected by follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Susceptibility-weighted images (SWI) can detect even very small amounts of residual blood that cannot be shown with conventional MRI. The purpose of this study was to determine when and where SWI lesions appear after whole-brain irradiation.
MRI follow-up of seven patients with medulloblastoma who were treated with whole-brain irradiation were analyzed retrospectively. SWI were part of the initial and follow-up MRI protocol. De novo SWI lesions, localization, and development over time were documented.
At time of irradiation, mean age of the patients was 13 years (±4 years). Earliest SWI lesions were detected 4 months after radiation treatment. In all patients, SWI lesions accumulated over time, although the individual number of SWI lesions varied. No specific dissemination of SWI lesions was observed.
Whole-brain irradiation can cause relatively early dot-like SWI lesions. The lesions are irreversible and accumulate over time. Histopathological correlation and clinical impact of these SWI lesions should be investigated.
KeywordsSWI Medulloblastom Irradiation Pediatrics
Susceptibility weighted imaging
World Health Organization
Conflict of interest
We declare that we have no conflict of interest.
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