The clot burden score, the Boston Acute Stroke Imaging Scale, the cerebral blood volume ASPECTS, and two novel imaging parameters in the prediction of clinical outcome of ischemic stroke patients receiving intravenous thrombolytic therapy
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Recently two classification methods based on the location and the extent of thrombosis detected with CT angiography have been introduced: the Boston Acute Stroke Imaging Scale (BASIS) and the clot burden score (CBS). We studied the performance of BASIS and CBS in predicting good clinical outcome (mRS ≤2 at 90 days) in an acute (<3 h) stroke cohort treated with intravenous thrombolytic therapy.
Eighty-three consecutive patients who underwent multimodal CT were analyzed. Binary logistic regression model was used to assess how BASIS, CBS, and cerebral blood volume (CBV) ASPECTS predict favorable clinical outcome. Diagnostic sensitivities and specificities were calculated and compared.
Patients with low CBS and CBV ASPECTS scores and major strokes according to BASIS had significantly higher admission NIHSS scores, larger perfusion defects, and more often poor clinical outcome. In logistic regression analysis, CBV ASPECTS, CBS and BASIS were significantly associated with the clinical outcome. The performance of BASIS improved when patients with thrombosis of the M2 segment of the middle cerebral artery were classified as having minor stroke (M1-BASIS). In the anterior circulation, the sum of CBS and CBV ASPECTS (CBSV) proved to be the most robust predictor of favorable outcome. CBV ASPECTS and CBS had high sensitivity but moderate to poor specificity while BASIS was only moderately sensitive and specific.
CBS, BASIS, and CBV ASPECTS are statistically robust and sensitive but unspecific predictors of good clinical outcome. Two new derived imaging parameters, CBSV and M1-BASIS, share these properties and may have increased prognostic value.
KeywordsBoston Acute Stroke Imaging Scale Clot burden score Computed tomography perfusion Stroke ASPECTS
Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score
Area under the curve
Boston Acute Stroke Imaging Scale
Cerebral blood volume
Clot burden score
Computed tomography angiography
Computed tomography perfusion
Mean transit time
Middle cerebral artery
Noncontrast-enhanced computed tomography
National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale
Modified Rankin scale
Receiver operating characteristic
Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator
This work was supported by the Pirkanmaa Hospital District General Medical Research Fund.
Conflict of interest
We declare that we have no conflict of interest.
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