Neuroradiology

, Volume 53, Issue 6, pp 425–434

Using CT perfusion during the early baseline period in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage to assess for development of vasospasm

  • Pina C. Sanelli
  • Austin Jou
  • Rachel Gold
  • Melissa Reichman
  • Edward Greenberg
  • Majnu John
  • Zuzan Cayci
  • Igor Ugorec
  • Axel Rosengart
Diagnostic Neuroradiology

Abstract

Introduction

The aim of this study is to evaluate computed tomography perfusion (CTP) during admission baseline period (days 0–3) in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (A-SAH) for development of vasospasm.

Methods

Retrospective analysis was performed on A-SAH patients from Dec 2004 to Feb 2007 with CTP on days 0–3. Cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV), and mean transit time (MTT) maps were analyzed for qualitative perfusion deficits. Quantitative analysis was performed using region-of-interest placement to obtain mean CTP values. Development of vasospasm was determined by a multistage hierarchical reference standard incorporating both imaging and clinical criteria. Student's t test and threshold analysis were performed.

Results

Seventy-five patients were included, 37% (28/75) were classified as vasospasm. Mean CTP values in vasospasm compared to no vasospasm groups were: CBF 31.90 ml/100 g/min vs. 39.88 ml/100 g/min (P < 0.05), MTT 7.12 s vs. 5.03 s (P < 0.01), and CBV 1.86 ml/100 g vs. 2.02 ml/100 g (P = 0.058). Fifteen patients had qualitative perfusion deficits with 73% (11/15) developed vasospasm. Optimal threshold for CBF is 24–25 mL/100 g/min with 91% specificity and 50% sensitivity, MTT is 5.5 s with 70% specificity and 61% sensitivity and CBV is 1.7 mL/100 g with 89% specificity and 36% sensitivity.

Conclusion

These initial results support our hypothesis that A-SAH patients who develop vasospasm may demonstrate early alterations in cerebral perfusion, with statistically significant CBF reduction and MTT prolongation. Overall, CTP has high specificity for development of vasospasm. Future clinical implications include using CTP during the baseline period for early identification of A-SAH patients at high risk for vasospasm to prompt robust preventative measures and treatment.

Keywords

Brain CT perfusion Subarachnoid hemorrhage Vasospasm 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pina C. Sanelli
    • 1
    • 2
  • Austin Jou
    • 1
  • Rachel Gold
    • 3
  • Melissa Reichman
    • 1
  • Edward Greenberg
    • 1
  • Majnu John
    • 2
  • Zuzan Cayci
    • 1
  • Igor Ugorec
    • 4
  • Axel Rosengart
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyNew York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Public HealthNew York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.New York College of Osteopathic MedicineOld WestburyUSA
  4. 4.Department of NeurologyAtlantic Neurosurgical SpecialistsMorristownUSA
  5. 5.Department of NeurologyNew York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA

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