The Journal of Membrane Biology

, Volume 247, Issue 1, pp 93–105 | Cite as

FXYD2c Plays a Potential Role in Modulating Na+/K+-ATPase Activity in HK-2 Cells Upon Hypertonic Challenge

  • Chun-Yu Chang
  • Cheng-Hao Tang
  • Yi-Hong Hsin
  • Hsing-Tzu Lai
  • Tsung-Han Lee


Na+/K+-ATPase (NKA) is a widely found and important transporter in mammals. The kidney is a major osmoregulatory organ of which the proximal tubules play a crucial role in the maintenance of ionic homeostasis functioning via salt and water reabsorption. FXYD (FXYD domain-containing protein) 2, the γ-subunit of NKA, is the first identified and the most abundant member of FXYD family, affecting the sodium/potassium affinity of NKA in the kidney. Based on DNA microarray analysis, the expression levels of fxyd2 gene are markedly increased upon hypertonic challenge. Combined with bioinformatic analysis using the NCBI database, we identified an unnamed protein with 145 amino acids, of which the N-terminus involved the FXYD sequence similar to FXYD2a and FXYD2b, and thus, named as FXYD2c. However, the role of FXYD2c protein in the regulation of NKA expression in the kidney has not been elucidated. In this study, we found that the mRNA and protein levels of FXYD2c were significantly increased upon hypertonic challenge. Immunoprecipitation data revealed that FXYD2c interacts with the NKA α1 subunit. Subsequently, the functional inhibition of fxyd2c using short hairpin RNA abrogated NKA activity. Taken together, our study offers novel insight into the potential function of FXYD2c in promoting NKA activity upon hypertonic challenge in HK-2 cells.


Osmotic homeostasis Na+/K+-ATPase FXYD2 HK-2 cell 



We thank Dr. Jeremy Jian-Wei Chen (Institute of Biomedical Science, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan) for providing the pLKO.1 plasmid. The monoclonal antibody for NKA α1 was purchased from the Developmental Studies Hybridoma Bank (DSHB) maintained by the Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Sciences, John Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 2120521205 and the Department of Biological Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA, under Contract N01-HD-6-2915, NICHD. This project was supported by a Grant from the National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan, to T.H.L. (Grant number: 101S0515).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

232_2013_9615_MOESM1_ESM.doc (83 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 83 kb)
232_2013_9615_MOESM2_ESM.xls (96 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (XLS 95 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chun-Yu Chang
    • 1
  • Cheng-Hao Tang
    • 2
    • 3
  • Yi-Hong Hsin
    • 4
  • Hsing-Tzu Lai
    • 4
  • Tsung-Han Lee
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Graduate Institute of Biomedical SciencesNational Chung Hsing UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  2. 2.Institute of Marine BiotechnologyNational Dong Hwa UniversityPingtungTaiwan
  3. 3.National Museum of Marine Biology and AquariumPingtungTaiwan
  4. 4.Department of Life SciencesNational Chung Hsing UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  5. 5.Department of Biological Science and TechnologyChina Medical UniversityTaichungTaiwan

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