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The Journal of Membrane Biology

, Volume 239, Issue 3, pp 131–135 | Cite as

The Negative Effect of Soy Extract on Erythrocyte Membrane Fluidity: An Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Study

  • Vladimir Ajdžanović
  • Ivan Spasojević
  • Branka Šošić-Jurjević
  • Branko Filipović
  • Svetlana Trifunović
  • Milka Sekulić
  • Verica Milošević
Article

Abstract

A decrease of erythrocyte membrane fluidity can contribute to the pathophysiology of hypertension. Soy products, which are used as alternative therapeutics in some cardiovascular conditions, contain various isoflavones (genistein, daidzein, and their glucosides, genistin and daidzin), which can incorporate cellular membrane and change its fluidity. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of soy extract (which generally corresponds to the soy products of isoflavone composition) on erythrocyte membrane fluidity at graded depths. We used electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy and fatty acid spin probes (5-DS and 12-DS), the spectra of which are dependent on membrane fluidity. After being treated with soy extract, erythrocytes showed a significant (P = 0.016) decrease of membrane fluidity near the hydrophilic surface, while there were no significant changes of fluidity in deeper hydrophobic membrane regions. These results suggest that soy products containing high levels of genistein and isoflavone glucosides may not be suitable for use in hypertension because they decrease erythrocyte membrane fluidity.

Keywords

Soy extract Isoflavone glucoside Genistein Erythrocytes Electron paramagnetic resonance Membrane fluidity Spin probes 

Notes

Acknowledgment

Supported by the Ministry of Science of the Republic of Serbia (grants 143007B and 143016B).

Conflicts of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladimir Ajdžanović
    • 1
  • Ivan Spasojević
    • 2
  • Branka Šošić-Jurjević
    • 1
  • Branko Filipović
    • 1
  • Svetlana Trifunović
    • 1
  • Milka Sekulić
    • 1
  • Verica Milošević
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Cytology, Institute for Biological Research “Siniša Stanković”University of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Life Systems Department, Institute for Multidisciplinary ResearchUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

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