The Journal of Membrane Biology

, Volume 236, Issue 1, pp 97–105 | Cite as

Analysis and Comparison of Electrical Pulse Parameters for Gene Electrotransfer of Two Different Cell Lines

  • Igor Marjanovič
  • Saša Haberl
  • Damijan Miklavčič
  • Maša Kandušer
  • Mojca Pavlin


Knowledge of the parameters which influence the efficiency of gene electrotransfer has importance for practical implementation of electrotransfection for gene therapy as well as for better understanding of the underlying mechanism. The focus of this study was to analyze the differences in gene electrotransfer and membrane electropermeabilization between plated cells and cells in a suspension in two different cell lines (CHO and B16F1). Furthermore, we determined the viability and critical induced transmembrane voltage (ITVc) for both cell lines. In plated cells we obtained relatively little difference in electropermeabilization and gene electrotransfection between CHO and B16F1 cells. However, significant differences between the two cell lines were observed in a suspension. CHO cells exhibited a much higher gene electrotransfection rate compared to B16F1 cells, whereas B16F1 cells reached maximum electropermeabilization at lower electric fields than CHO cells. Both in a suspension and on plated cells, CHO cells had a slightly better survival rate at higher electric fields than B16F1 cells. Calculation of ITVc in a suspension showed that, for both electropermeabilization and gene electrotransfection, CHO cells have lower ITVc than B16F1 cells. In all cases, ITVc for electropermeabilization was lower than ITVc for gene electrotransfer, which is in agreement with other studies. Our results show that there is a marked difference in the efficiency of gene electrotransfer between suspended and plated cells.


Gene electrotransfer Electropermeabilization Induced transmembrane voltage ITVc CHO B16F1 Suspension Plated cell 



This research was supported by the Slovenian Research Agency under grants J2-9770 and P2-0249. We thank also Rosana Hudej (Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, University of Ljubljana) and Marko Ušaj (Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Ljubljana) for help in experimental procedures.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Igor Marjanovič
    • 1
  • Saša Haberl
    • 1
  • Damijan Miklavčič
    • 1
  • Maša Kandušer
    • 1
  • Mojca Pavlin
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia

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