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The Journal of Membrane Biology

, Volume 194, Issue 3, pp 165–176 | Cite as

Regulation of Ion Fluxes, Cell Volume and Gap Junctional Coupling by cGMP in GFSHR-17 Granulosa Cells

  • A. Ngezahayo
  • B. Altmann
  • H. -A. KolbEmail author
Article

Abstract

Gap junctional communication between granulosa cells seems to play a crucial role for follicular growth and atresia. Application of the double whole-cell patch-clamp- and ratiometric fura-2-techniques allowed a simultaneous measurement of gap junctional conductance (G j) and cytoplasmic concentration of free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) in a rat granulosa cell line GFSHR-17. The voltage-dependent gating of G j varied for different cell pairs. One population exhibited a bell-shape dependence of G j on transjunctional voltage, which was strikingly similar to that of Cx43/Cx43 homotypic gap junction channels expressed in pairs of oocytes of Xenopus laevis. Within 15–20 min, gap junctional uncoupling occurred spontaneously, which was preceded by a sustained increase of [Ca2+]i and accompanied by shrinkage of cellular volume. These responses to the whole-cell configuration were avoided by absence of extracellular Ca2+, blockage of K+ efflux, or addition of 8-bromoguanosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (8-Br-cGMP) to the pipette solution. Even in the absence of extracellular Ca2+ or blockage of K+ efflux, formation of whole-cell configuration generated a Ca2+ spike that could be suppressed by the presence of 8-Br-cGMP. We propose that intracellular cGMP regulates Ca2+ release from intracellular Ca2+ stores, which activates sustained Ca2+ influx, K+ efflux and cellular shrinkage. We discuss whether gap junctional conductance is directly affected by cGMP or by cellular shrinkage and whether gap junctional coupling and/or cell shrinkage is involved in the regulation of apoptotic/necrotic processes in granulosa cells.

Keywords

Granulosa cells Gap junctions Ca2+ Cell volume shrinkage cGMP Apoptosis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Dr. B. Sommersberg, Dr. A. Mayerhofer, Anatomisches Institut, Technische Universität München, Germany, and Dr. A. Amsterdam, Weizman Institute Rehevot, Israel, for providing the GFSHR-17 cell line. The work was partly supported by a grant of the Fritz Thyssen-Stiftung.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für BiophysikUniversität Hannover, Herrenhäuserstr. 2, D-30419 HannoverGermany

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