Advertisement

Effect of synergistic interaction between hydrogen inductions with Simarouba glauca-diesel blend for CI engine application

  • 4 Accesses

Abstract

The study is mainly to investigate the use of straight Simarouba oil as an alternate in the DI compression ignition engine and also the effect of hydrogen induction. Simarouba fuel is used as pilot fuel and hydrogen is used as secondary fuel which is inducted in inlet manifold by small modification in the CI engine. The mass share of hydrogen induction is fixed to maximum limit with the use of a manometer and for safety two flame arresters are used to avoid backfire in the hydrogen fuel line. The maximum hydrogen mass share percentage for diesel, B20, and B40 are 12.20%, 13.05% and 10.88% is fixed in full load condition. In maximum mass share, the BTE at full load conditions for diesel, B20, and B40 are 34.80%, 33.10%, and 29.65%. The obtained value of B20 at 13.05% mass share is nearly equal to the diesel value (0% mass share of hydrogen). The major drawback of increasing the mass share of hydrogen will increase nitric oxide emission due to the high heating value of hydrogen. The nitric oxide is increasing around 18% in the maximum mass share of hydrogen for B20 compare with diesel (0% mass share of hydrogen). But, there is a decreasing trend for other emissions like CO, HC, and smoke. This may be due to the absence of a carbon molecule in hydrogen fuel. The blended fuel B20 with maximum mass share obtain a better result than diesel with 0% mass share of hydrogen.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

Subscribe to journal

Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.

US$ 199

This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13
Fig. 14
Fig. 15
Fig. 16
Fig. 17

Abbreviations

B20:

800 ml Simarouba oil +200 ml Diesel

B40:

600 ml Simarouba oil +400 ml Diesel

BTE:

Brake Thermal Efficiency

HRR:

Heat Release Rate

LHV:

Latent Heat of Vaporization

BSEC:

Brake specific energy consumption

CO:

Carbon Monoxide

CO2 :

Carbon Dioxide

HC:

Hydrocarbon

H2 :

Hydrogen

CA:

Crank Angle

BP:

Brake Power

NOX :

Oxide of Nitrogen

References

  1. 1.

    Bong CP, Ho WS, Hashim H, Lim JS, Ho CS, Tan WS, Lee CT (2017) Review on renewable energy and solid waste management policies towards biogas development in Malaysia. Renew Sust Energ Rev 70:988–998

  2. 2.

    Al-Falahi MD, Jayasinghe SD, Enshaei H (2017) A review on recent size optimization methodologies for standalone solar and wind hybrid renewable energy system. Energy Convers Manag 143:252–274

  3. 3.

    Strantzali E, Aravossis K (2016) Decision making in renewable energy investments: a review. Renew Sust Energ Rev 55:885–898

  4. 4.

    Montoya FG, Aguilera MJ, Manzano-Agugliaro F (2014) Renewable energy production in Spain: a review. Renew Sust Energ Rev 33:509–531

  5. 5.

    Amponsah NY, Troldborg M, Kington B, Aalders I, Hough RL (2014) Greenhouse gas emissions from renewable energy sources: a review of lifecycle considerations. Renew Sust Energ Rev 39:461–475

  6. 6.

    Uludamar E, Tosun E, Tüccar G, Yıldızhan Ş, Çalık A, Yıldırım S, Serin H, Özcanlı M (2017) Evaluation of vibration characteristics of a hydroxyl (HHO) gas generator installed diesel engine fuelled with different diesel–biodiesel blends. Int J Hydrog Energy 42(36):23352–23360

  7. 7.

    Ozcanli M, Akar MA, Calik A, Serin H (2017) Using HHO (Hydroxy) and hydrogen-enriched castor oil biodiesel in compression ignition engine. Int J Hydrog Energy 42(36):23366–23372

  8. 8.

    Varuvel EG, Sonthalia A, Subramanian T, Aloui F (2018) NOx-smoke trade-off characteristics of minor vegetable oil blends synergy with oxygenating in a commercial CI engine. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25(35):35715–35724

  9. 9.

    Mahmudul HM, Hagos FY, Mamat R, Adam AA, Ishak WF, Alenezi R (2017) Production, characterization and performance of biodiesel as an alternative fuel in diesel engines–a review. Renew Sust Energ Rev 72:497–509

  10. 10.

    Kannan GR, Anand R (2012) Biodiesel as an alternative fuel for direct injection diesel engines: a review. J Renew Sustain Ener 4(1):012703

  11. 11.

    Nagalingam B, Duebel F, Schmillen K (1983) Performance study using natural gas, hydrogen-supplemented natural gas, and hydrogen in AVL research engine. Int J Hydrog Energy 8(9):715–720

  12. 12.

    Kumar MS, Jaikumar M (2014) Studies on the effect of hydrogen induction on performance, emission and combustion behavior of a WCO emulsion-based dual-fuel engine. Int J Hydrog Energy 39(32):18440–18450

  13. 13.

    Geo VE, Nagarajan G, Nagalingam B (2008) Studies on dual fuel operation of rubber seed oil and its bio-diesel with hydrogen as the inducted fuel. Int J Hydrog Energy 33(21):6357–6367

  14. 14.

    Korakianitis T, Namasivayam AM, Crookes RJ (2011) Diesel and rapeseed methyl ester (RME) pilot fuels for hydrogen and natural gas dual-fuel combustion in compression–ignition engines. Fuel 90(7):2384–2395

  15. 15.

    Banapurmath NR, Gireesh NM, Basavarajappa YH, Hosmath RS, Yaliwal VS, Pai A, Gopal Navale K, Jog P, Tewari PG (2015) Effect of hydrogen addition to CNG in a biodiesel-operated dual-fuel engine. Int J Sustain Eng 8(6):332–340

  16. 16.

    Banapurmath NR, Tewari PG, Hosmath RS (2008) Experimental investigations of a four-stroke single-cylinder direct injection diesel engine operated on dual fuel mode with producer gas as inducted fuel and Honge oil and its methyl ester (HOME) as injected fuels. Renew Energy 33(9):2007–2018

  17. 17.

    Sandalcı T, Karagöz Y (2014) Experimental investigation of the combustion characteristics, emissions, and performance of hydrogen port fuel injection in a diesel engine. Int J Hydrog Energy 39(32):18480–18489

  18. 18.

    Syed A, Quadri SA, Rao GA, Mohd W (2017) Experimental investigations on DI (direct injection) diesel engine operated on dual fuel mode with hydrogen and mahua oil methyl ester (MOME) as injected fuels and effects of injection opening pressure. Appl Therm Eng 114:118–129

  19. 19.

    Saravanan N, Nagarajan G (2008) An experimental investigation of hydrogen-enriched air induction in a diesel engine system. Int J Hydrog Energy 33(6):1769–1775

  20. 20.

    Rocha HM, da Silva PR, Nogueira MF, Belchior CR, de Lima Tostes ME (2017) Experimental investigation of hydrogen addition in the intake air of compressed ignition engines running on a biodiesel blend. Int J Hydrog Energy 42(7):4530–4539

  21. 21.

    Chintala V, Subramanian KA (2013) A CFD (computational fluid dynamics) study for optimization of gas injector orientation for performance improvement of a dual-fuel diesel engine. Energy 57:709–721

  22. 22.

     Edwin Geo V et al., Comparative analysis of various techniques to improve the performance of novel wheat germ oil e an experimental study, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.05.198

  23. 23.

    Swaminathan S, Subramanian T, Martin LJ, Beddhannan N (2019) Emission profiling of CI engine fueled with neem and wintergreen oil blend with hexanol and octanol manifold injection. Environ Sci Pollut Res:1–1

  24. 24.

    D. Boopathi, S. Thiyagarajan, Ankit Sonthalia, P. Parthiban, S. Devanand & V. Edwin Geo (2019) Effect of methanol fumigation on performance and emission characteristics in a waste cooking oil-fuelled single cylinder CI engine, Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, 41:9, 1088-1096, DOI: 10.1080/15567036.2018.1539142

  25. 25.

    Thiyagarajan S, Varuvel EG, Martin LJ, Beddhannan N (2019) Mitigation of carbon footprints through a blend of biofuels and oxygenates, combined with post-combustion capture system in a single cylinder CI engine. Renew Energy 130:1067–1081

  26. 26.

    Wu HW, Hsu TT, He JY, Fan CM (2017) Optimal performance and emissions of diesel/hydrogen-rich gas engine varying intake air temperature and EGR ratio. Appl Therm Eng 124:381–392

  27. 27.

    Aldhaidhawi M, Chiriac R, Bădescu V, Descombes G, Podevin P (2017) Investigation on the mixture formation, combustion characteristics and performance of a diesel engine fueled with diesel, biodiesel B20 and hydrogen addition. Int J Hydrog Energy 42(26):16793–16807

  28. 28.

    Köse H, Ciniviz M (2013) An experimental investigation of the effect on diesel engine performance and exhaust emissions of addition at dual fuel mode of hydrogen. Fuel Process Technol 114:26–34

  29. 29.

    Tsujimura T, Suzuki Y (2017) The utilization of hydrogen in hydrogen/diesel dual-fuel engine. Int J Hydrog Energy 42(19):14019–14029

  30. 30.

    Abdul Majid, Z., Mohsin, R., & Shihnan, A. H. (2016). ENGINE PERFORMANCE AND EXHAUST EMISSION OF DIESEL DUAL FUEL ENGINE FUELLED BY BIODIESEL, DIESEL AND NATURAL GAS. Jurnal Teknologi, 78(6). doi:10.11113/jt.v78.3199 

  31. 31.

    Thiyagarajan S et al., Effect of waste exhaust heat on hydrogen production and its utilization in CI engine, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.06.032

  32. 32.

    Datta A, Mandal BK (2017) Engine performance, combustion and emission characteristics of a compression ignition engine operating on different biodiesel-alcohol blends. Energy 125:470–483

  33. 33.

    Devan PK, Mahalakshmi NV (2009) Utilization of unattended methyl ester of paradise oil as fuel in the diesel engine. Fuel 88(10):1828–1833

  34. 34.

    Devan PK, Mahalakshmi NV (2009) A study of the performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a compression ignition engine using methyl ester of paradise oil–eucalyptus oil blends. Appl Energy 86(5):675–680

  35. 35.

    Raj VM, Subramanian LG, Thiyagarajan S, Geo VE (2018) Effects of minor addition of aliphatic (1-pentanol) and aromatic (benzyl alcohol) alcohols in Simarouba Glauca-diesel blend fuelled CI engine. Fuel 234:934–943

  36. 36.

    Varuvel, Edwin & Subramanian, Thiyagarajan & Khatri, Prakhar. (2018). Effect of diglyme addition on performance and emission characteristics of hybrid minor vegetable oil blends (rubber seed and babassu oil) in a tractor engine – an experimental study. Biofuels. 1-9. 10.1080/17597269.2017.1418568. 

  37. 37.

    Subramanian, Thiyagarajan & Sonthalia, Ankit & Varuvel, Edwin & Ashok, B. & Nanthagopal, Kasianantham & Viswanathan, Karthick & Balasubramanian, Dhinesh. (2019). Effect of electromagnet-based fuel-reforming system on high-viscous and low-viscous biofuel fueled in heavy-duty CI engine. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry. 10.1007/s10973-019-08123-w. 

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Mathanraj Vijayaragavan.

Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Vijayaragavan, M., Lalgudi Ramachandran, G.S. Effect of synergistic interaction between hydrogen inductions with Simarouba glauca-diesel blend for CI engine application. Heat Mass Transfer (2020) doi:10.1007/s00231-020-02810-3

Download citation