Heat and Mass Transfer

, Volume 55, Issue 11, pp 3077–3085 | Cite as

Experimental study on the relationship between metal ions and formation of CaCO3 crystalline fouling under boiling scaling system

  • Yida LiuEmail author
  • Yong Zou


The effect of the addition of different concentrations of Cu2+, Fe2+, and Fe3+ on the micromorphology and crystalline structure of CaCO3 fouling was studied using the VHX-500FE digital microscope and X-ray diffraction. Results indicate that the fouling morphology becomes stubby and forms a cluster and the fouling color deepens with the increase in the concentration of metal ions. Furthermore, the relative content of aragonite increases and that of calcite decreases. Fe2+ plays a more important role in the inhibition of calcite than Fe3+ when scaling occurs in the boiling system under the condition of atmospheric environment. The reason may be that O2 participates in the inhibition process. Fe2+ and Fe3+ promote atomic transition and crystal defects, and this condition changes the absorption wavelength of fouling. Carbon steel and copper samples were immersed in test solution for 28 h as a comparative experiment. This experiment indicates that corrosion may release metal ions, which further affect the fouling morphology and phase component content in the long-term fouling process. In conclusion, fouling weight method for measuring anti-fouling property can only be used to compare materials with similar anti-corrosion property.


Crystalline fouling Metal ions Aragonite content Corrosion Fouling color Fouling weight method 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shandong Electric Power Engineering Consulting Institute Corp., Ltd.JinanChina
  2. 2.School of Material Science and EngineeringShandong UniversityJinanChina

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