Heat and Mass Transfer

, Volume 54, Issue 8, pp 2545–2550 | Cite as

Three-dimensional flow channel arrangements in an anode-supported honeycomb solid oxide fuel cell

  • Hironori NakajimaEmail author
  • Shunzaburo Murakami
  • Sou Ikeda
  • Tatsumi Kitahara


An anode-supported honeycomb SOFC can achieve high volumetric power density and improve thermo-mechanical durability at high temperatures. We have so far fabricated a honeycomb cell with a cathode layer made of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSM) and an electrolyte layer of 8YSZ on a porous anode support in the honeycomb form of Ni/8YSZ. In the present study, current-voltage and volumetric power density characteristics of the cells having different anode/cathode flow channel arrangements are measured under different flow rates of fed hydrogen to show the effect of three-dimensional fuel transport and distribution in the porous anode support on the cell performance. Ohmic resistances of the cells varying with current is also evaluated to clarify the nickel re-oxidation of the anode support by fuel depletion depending on the anode flow channel arrangements. We thereby discuss the difference of the advantage between the flow channel arrangements depending on the flow rate of the fed fuel to choose more suitable operation mode.



The present work was supported by the JSPS (Japanese Society for Promotion of Science) Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C) 15 K05834. The authors acknowledge Professors Kohei Ito and Kazunari Sasaki at Kyushu University for valuable discussions. The SEM and EDX observations were performed at the Center of Advanced Instrumental Analysis, Kyushu University.


This study was funded by the JSPS (Japanese Society for Promotion of Science) Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C) (15 K05834).


  1. 1.
    Ackerman JP, Young JE (1984) Solid oxide fuel cell having monolithic core. U.S. Pat 4476198Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wetzko M, Belzner A, Rohr FJ, Harbach F (1999) Solid oxide fuel cell stacks using extruded honeycomb type elements. J Power Sources 83:148–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhong H, Matsumoto H, Toriyama A, Ishihara T (2009) Honeycomb-type solid oxide fuel cell using La0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8Mg0.2O3 electrolyte for high volumetric power density. J Electrochem Soc 156(1):B74–B79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wang Z, Shimizu S, Yamazaki Y (2008) Interconnection and sealing using silver metal for honeycomb SOFCs. J Fuel Cell Sci Tech 5(3):031211Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yamaguchi T, Shimizu S, Suzuki T, Fujishiro Y, Awano M (2009) Evaluation of extruded cathode honeycomb monolith-supported SOFC under rapid start-up operation. Electrochim Acta 54:1478–1482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ruiz-Morales JC, Marrero-López D, Peña-Martínez J, Canales-Vázquez J, Josep Roa J, Segarra M, Savvin SN, Núñez P (2010) Performance of a novel type of electrolyte-supported solid oxide fuel cell with honeycomb structure. J Power Sources 195(2):516–521CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fukushima A, Nakajima H, Kitahara T (2013) Performance evaluation of an anode-supported honeycomb solid oxide fuel cell. ECS Trans 50(48):B71–B75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kotake S, Nakajima H, Kitahara T (2015) Mass transfer in an anode-supported honeycomb solid oxide fuel cell. ECS Trans 64(45):135–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Nakajima H, Kitahara T, Konomi T (2010) Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy analysis of an anode-supported microtubular solid oxide fuel cell. J Electrochem Soc 157(11):B1686–B1692CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kim J-D, Kim G-D, Moon J-W, Park Y-I, Lee W-H, Kobayashi K, Nagai M, Kim C-E (2001) Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy analysis of an anode-supported microtubular solid oxide fuel cell. Solid State Ionics 143(3–4):379–389Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mench MM (2008) Fuel cell engines. Wiley, HobokenCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Aydın Ö, Nakajima H, Kitahara T (2016) Processes involving in the temperature variations in solid oxide fuel cells in-situ analyzed through electrode-segmentation method. J Electrochem Soc 163(3):F216–F224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Aydın Ö, Takahiro K, Nakajima H, Kitahara T (2015) In-situ diagnosis and assessment of longitudinal current variation by electrode-segmentation method in anode-supported microtubular solid oxide fuel cells. J Power Sources 279:218–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    (2014) Mitsubishi Hitachi to integrate SOFC with micro gas turbine for Kyushu University demonstration. Fuel Cells Bull 2014(12):1-1Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Hydrogen Energy Systems, Graduate School of EngineeringKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

Personalised recommendations