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Heat and Mass Transfer

, Volume 54, Issue 2, pp 291–304 | Cite as

Adiabatic partition effect on natural convection heat transfer inside a square cavity: experimental and numerical studies

  • S. Mahmoudinezhad
  • A. Rezania
  • T. Yousefi
  • M. S. Shadloo
  • L. A. Rosendahl
Original

Abstract

A steady state and two-dimensional laminar free convection heat transfer in a partitioned cavity with horizontal adiabatic and isothermal side walls is investigated using both experimental and numerical approaches. The experiments and numerical simulations are carried out using a Mach-Zehnder interferometer and a finite volume code, respectively. A horizontal and adiabatic partition, with angle of θ is adjusted such that it separates the cavity into two identical parts. Effects of this angel as well as Rayleigh number on the heat transfer from the side-heated walls are investigated in this study. The results are performed for the various Rayleigh numbers over the cavity side length, and partition angles ranging from 1.5 × 105 to 4.5 × 105, and 0° to 90°, respectively. The experimental verification of natural convective flow physics has been done by using FLUENT software. For a given adiabatic partition angle, the results show that the average Nusselt number and consequently the heat transfer enhance as the Rayleigh number increases. However, for a given Rayleigh number the maximum and the minimum heat transfer occurs at θ = 45°and θ = 90°, respectively. Two responsible mechanisms for this behavior, namely blockage ratio and partition orientation, are identified. These effects are explained by numerical velocity vectors and experimental temperatures contours. Based on the experimental data, a new correlation that fairly represents the average Nusselt number of the heated walls as functions of Rayleigh number and the angel of θ for the aforementioned ranges of data is proposed.

Nomenclature

C

Gladstone–Dale coefficient (m3/kg)

Ci

Polynomial coefficients

g

Gravitational acceleration (m/s2)

H

Cavity side length (m)

hy

Local heat transfer coefficient (W / m2. K)

have

Average heat transfer coefficient (W / m2. K)

k

Thermal conductivity of air (W/m K)

L

Partition length (m)

Nuave

Average Nusselt number

Num

Modified Nusselt number

Nuy

Local Nusselt number on the heated wall

P

Pressure (Pa)

R

Gas constant (J/kg K)

Ra

Rayleigh number based on the cavity side length

T

Temperature (K)

W

Partition width (m)

x

Horizontal direction (perpendicular to the hot surface)

y

Vertical direction (parallel to the hot surface)

Greek symbols

ε

Fringe shift

λ

Laser wave length (m)

θ

Angel of the partition (Degree)

Subscripts

f

Film condition

ref

Reference condition (ambient condition)

Ambient condition

SH

Hot surface

SC

Cold surface

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Mahmoudinezhad
    • 1
  • A. Rezania
    • 1
  • T. Yousefi
    • 2
  • M. S. Shadloo
    • 3
  • L. A. Rosendahl
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Energy TechnologyAalborg UniversityAalborgDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringRyerson UniversityTorontoCanada
  3. 3.CORIA-UMR 6614, CNRS-University & INSA of RouenNormandie UniversitySt. Etienne du RouvrayFrance

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