Heat and Mass Transfer

, Volume 52, Issue 9, pp 1861–1870 | Cite as

Thermo-mechanical behavior of stainless steel knitted structures

  • Syed Talha Ali HamdaniEmail author
  • Anura Fernando
  • Muhammad Maqsood


Heating fabric is an advanced textile material that is extensively researched by the industrialists and the scientists alike. Ability to create highly flexible and drapeable heating fabrics has many applications in everyday life. This paper presents a study conducted on the comparison of heatability of knitted fabric made of stainless steel yarn. The purpose of the study is to find a suitable material for protective clothing against cold environments. In the current research the ampacity of stainless steel yarn is observed in order to prevent the overheating of the heating fabrics. The behavior of the knitted structure is studied for different levels of supply voltage. Infrared temperature sensing is used to measure the heat generated from the fabrics in order to measure the temperature of the fabrics without physical contact. It is concluded that interlock structure is one of the most suited structures for knitted heating fabrics. As learnt through this research, fabrics made of stainless steel yarn are capable of producing a higher level of heating compared to that of knitted fabric made using silver coated polymeric yarn at the same supply voltage.


Contact Resistance Phase Change Material Heating Fabric Filament Yarn Heat Fabric 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of symbols


Length of stainless steel yarn


Mass of stainless steel


Number of horizontal courses within sensing area


Pitch of the needle bed


Voltage supplied


Width of fabric


Wales per inch


Heat capacity


Length of sensing area


Sinker loop length for plain knitted fabric of width of w


Stitch length of plain knitted structure


Contact resistance at binding points


Initial resistance of sinker loop length of plain knitted fabric of width w


Stainless steel yarn resistance


Resistance of sinker loop of plain knitted fabric of width w


Count of stainless steel yarn in Tex counting system


Initial temperature


Temperature at time “t


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Syed Talha Ali Hamdani
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Anura Fernando
    • 1
  • Muhammad Maqsood
    • 2
  1. 1.Textiles Research Group, School of MaterialsThe University of ManchesterManchesterUK
  2. 2.Smart Materials Research Group, Department of WeavingNational Textile UniversityFaisalabadPakistan

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