Stability of quadratic modules
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A finitely generated quadratic module or preordering in the real polynomial ring is called stable, if it admits a certain degree bound on the sums of squares in the representation of polynomials. Stability, first defined explicitly in Powers and Scheiderer (Adv Geom 1, 71–88, 2001), is a very useful property. It often implies that the quadratic module is closed; furthermore, it helps settling the Moment Problem, solves the Membership Problem for quadratic modules and allows applications of methods from optimization to represent nonnegative polynomials. We provide sufficient conditions for finitely generated quadratic modules in real polynomial rings of several variables to be stable. These conditions can be checked easily. For a certain class of semi-algebraic sets, we obtain that the nonexistence of bounded polynomials implies stability of every corresponding quadratic module. As stability often implies the non-solvability of the Moment Problem, this complements the result from Schmüdgen (J Reine Angew Math 558, 225–234, 2003), which uses bounded polynomials to check the solvability of the Moment Problem by dimensional induction. We also use stability to generalize a result on the Invariant Moment Problem from Cimpric et al. (Trans Am Math Soc, to appear).
Mathematics Subject Classification (2000)12E05 12Y05 44A60
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