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Association between clinically relevant toxicities of pazopanib and sunitinib and the use of weak CYP3A4 and P-gp inhibitors

Abstract

Purpose

Sunitinib and pazopanib, two tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI), may be targets of potential pharmacokinetic drug-drug interactions (P-PK-DDIs). While strong cytochrome P4503A (CYP3A4) inhibitors or inducers should cause a clinically relevant modification in plasma TKI concentrations, the effect of weak inhibitors is unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between weak P-PK-DDI and clinically relevant toxicity in real life.

Patients and methods

This was a single-center retrospective study including patients treated with sunitinib or pazopanib for any malignancies, for whom a PK-DDI analysis was performed before starting TKI. The primary endpoint was the correlation between P-PK-DDIs and a dose decrease after 1 month of treatment. The secondary endpoint was the correlation between PK-DDIs and drug withdrawal due to toxicity.

Results

Seventy-six patients were assessed. A P-PK-DDI with weak CYP3A4 or P-gp inhibition was found in 14 patients. In patients with P-PK-DDI or without, the dose was reduced during the first month in 57.1% and 17.7% (p = 0.003) and the drug withdrawn in 42.8% and 11.3% (p = 0.011), respectively. In multivariate analysis, a significant correlation was found between P-PK-DDI (CYP3A4 and P-gp inhibitors) and dose reduction, and between drug withdrawal and PK-DDI (CYP3A4 inhibitors).

Conclusion

P-PK-DDI was correlated with dose reduction and drug withdrawal due to toxicity. The causality of this relationship warrants to be assessed; therefore, therapeutic drug monitoring is necessary in patients treated with TKI.

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Fig. 1

Data availability

The dataset analyzed during the present study is available from the corresponding author on request.

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Correspondence to Florent Puisset.

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The study was performed in compliance with ethical standards.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval for retrospective study

As a retrospective study, no informed consent was required but patients were informed that their data could be used for clinical evaluation. None refused.

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Azam, C., Claraz, P., Chevreau, C. et al. Association between clinically relevant toxicities of pazopanib and sunitinib and the use of weak CYP3A4 and P-gp inhibitors. Eur J Clin Pharmacol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00228-020-02828-w

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Keywords

  • Pazopanib
  • Sunitinib
  • Drug-drug interaction
  • CYP3A4
  • P-gp