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Efficacy of acetylleucine in vertigo and dizziness: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials

  • Paul Vanderkam
  • Clara Blanchard
  • Florian Naudet
  • Denis Pouchain
  • Helene Vaillant Roussel
  • Marie Christine Perault-Pochat
  • Nematollah Jaafari
  • Rémy Boussageon
Review
  • 45 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

To assess the efficacy of acetylleucine to improve or stop an attack of vertigo and dizziness (vertigo/dizziness).

Methods

Systematic review by 2 independent reviewers. Consultation of the Medline, Cochrane and ClinicalTrials.gov databases until September 2018. Keywords used: Acetylleucine, Tanganil®, Acetyl-DL-leucine, Acetyl-leucine. Trial selection: randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing acetylleucine against placebo.

Results

Up until 2018, no RCTs have been published on the efficacy of acetylleucine in vertigo/dizziness.

Conclusion

There is no solid evidence of the efficacy of acetylleucine in vertigo/dizziness. Given its frequent prescription and the cost generated for the French social security system, high-quality randomised trials should be carried out to assess its efficacy.

Keywords

Acetylleucine Dizziness Randomised controlled trial Treatment outcome Vertigo 

Notes

Contributions of authors

Paul Vanderkam performed the research, analysed the data and wrote the paper.

Clara Blanchard contributed to the writing of the paper and the data analysis.

Florian Naudet contributed to the writing of the paper.

Denis Pouchain contributed to the writing of the paper.

Marie-Christine Perrault-Pochat contributed to the writing of the paper.

Hélène Vaillant-Roussel contributed to the writing of the paper.

Nematollah Jaafari contributed to the writing of the paper.

Remy Boussageon conceived the study and analysed the data.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Vanderkam
    • 1
    • 2
  • Clara Blanchard
    • 1
  • Florian Naudet
    • 3
  • Denis Pouchain
    • 4
  • Helene Vaillant Roussel
    • 5
  • Marie Christine Perault-Pochat
    • 6
  • Nematollah Jaafari
    • 7
  • Rémy Boussageon
    • 8
  1. 1.Department of General MedicineUniversity of PoitiersPoitiers Cedex 9France
  2. 2.Clinical Research UnitHenri Laborit HospitalPoitiersFrance
  3. 3.CHU Rennes, Inserm, CIC 1414 (Clinical Center of Investigation, Rennes)Univ RennesRennesFrance
  4. 4.Department of General MedicineUniversity of ToursTours Cedex 1France
  5. 5.Department of General Medicine and UPU ACCePPTUniversity of Auvergne Clermont-Ferrand Cedex 1Clermont-Ferrand Cedex 1France
  6. 6.Clinical Pharmacology and Awareness DepartmentUniversity Hospital of PoitiersPoitiers CedexFrance
  7. 7.CNRS 3557, CIC-P 1402 and Clinical Research UnitHenri Laborit HospitalPoitiersFrance
  8. 8.University College of General Medicine and UMR 5558, Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie EvolutiveClaude-Bernard Lyon 1 University, CNRSLyonFrance

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