European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

, Volume 60, Issue 9, pp 673–677 | Cite as

Upper gastrointestinal adverse drug reactions and cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitors (celecoxib and rofecoxib): a case/non-case study from the French Pharmacovigilance Database

  • S. Lugardon
  • M. Lapeyre-Mestre
  • J. L. Montastruc
  • The French Network of Regional Pharmacovigilance Centres
Pharmacoepidemiology and Prescription



To evaluate the gastrointestinal safety of cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitors under their real conditions of use.


Case/non-case study.


Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in adults recorded in the French Pharmacovigilance Database between 25 May 2000 and 31 December 2002.


Cases were all reports of “serious” oeso-gastro-duodenal ADRs (oeso-gastro-duodenal ulcers, oesophagitis, gastritis, duodenitis). Five non-cases were randomly selected for one case from all other non oeso-gastro-duodenal reports in the database after matching them for age, gender and period of occurrence.


Coxib exposure was compared among cases and non-cases, with adjustment for matching factors: French Regional Pharmacovigilance Centres that collected ADRs, reporter health professional’s characteristics and exposures to non-selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory, aspirin, anticoagulant, antiplatelet and gastroprotective drugs.


Included in the study were 505 cases and 2,525 non-cases. A positive association was found between occurrence of oeso-gastro-duodenal ADRs and coxib (adjusted odds ratio 14.9 [95% CI 9.3–23.7]), diclofenac (9.2 [3.8–22.2]), ibuprofen (7.3 [3.2–16.6]) or oxicam (25.3 [11.9–53.6]) use.


Despite the compulsory limits of the case/non-case methodology, the present study shows that coxibs did induce “serious” gastrointestinal ADRs in real clinical practice. These results underline the need for pharmacoepidemiological studies under real conditions of use in order to verify (or not) the conclusions of clinical trials.


Ibuprofen Celecoxib Rofecoxib Misoprostol Aceclofenac 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We acknowledge the French network of the Pharmacovigilance Centres for giving us their observations and Doctors Pascal Auriche and Carmen Kreft-Jais (AFSSAPS) for helping us to extract data from the French Pharmacovigilance Database. Contributors: S.L., M.L.M., and J.L.M. analysed and wrote up the study. J.L.M. corrected the text and is the guarantor. Funding: Grant by the French Ministry of Health. Competing interests: None.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Lugardon
    • 1
  • M. Lapeyre-Mestre
    • 1
  • J. L. Montastruc
    • 1
  • The French Network of Regional Pharmacovigilance Centres
    • 1
  1. 1.Service de Pharmacologie Clinique, Centre Midi-Pyrénées de Pharmacovigilance, de Pharmacoépidémiologie et d’Information sur le Médicament, Unité de Pharmacoépidémiologie, EA 3696, IFR 126Faculté de MédecineToulouse Cedex 7France

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