Marine Biology

, 164:184 | Cite as

Genetic diversification of intertidal gastropoda in an archipelago: the effects of islands, oceanic currents, and ecology

  • Daishi YamazakiEmail author
  • Osamu Miura
  • Minoru Ikeda
  • Akihiro Kijima
  • Do Van Tu
  • Tetsuro Sasaki
  • Satoshi Chiba
Original paper


Marine organisms with a planktonic larval stage can passively disperse long distance and are thus expected to have a wider distribution range and lower geographic variation. However, recent molecular phylogenetic studies have revealed that they often display a clear geographic genetic structure or even form a geographically fragmented species complex. These genetic divergences can be facilitated by the presence of dispersal barriers such as oceanic currents and/or by the limitation of suitable habitats. Using comprehensive phylogenetic analyses, we evaluate how such dispersal barriers shape genetic divergence and speciation in the intertidal snail genus Monodonta. Our phylogenetic analysis revealed various patterns of cladogenesis in Monodonta in East Asia. Genetic segregation between the Japanese and Ryukyu Archipelagos are detected in M. labio and M. perplexa perplexa. However, the relationship of geographical border and lineages does not correspond to those two because they show different habitat preference. M. labio distributed in the Japanese mainland is separated by the boundary corresponding to the point from which oceanic currents split into different directions. In contrast, species inhabiting various environments such as M. confusa are not genetically separated in Japan. In the peripheral oceanic Ogasawara Islands, two Monodonta species form each endemic lineage, although these two underwent different colonization processes to the islands. These findings suggest that the genus Monodonta has been genetically diversified around Japan, probably due to its correlations with dispersal ability, oceanic current, and habitat preferences. These factors may be effective causes for diversification of marine gastropods with a planktonic stage.



We thank T. Hirano and T. Saito for sampling, technical support and suggestive advice on this study. We also thank K. Kawakami and S. Wada for investigation in the Ogasawara Islands and H. Fukuda, Y. Kameda, Y. Miki, S. Takeda, T. Ohkoba, T. Aota, S. Uchida, D. Ando, M. Uesaka, T. Sato, M. Taguchi, C. Nishimine, R. Nakajima, M. Yamazaki and K. Yamazaki for sampling. We thank T. Yamazaki for checking English grammar before using English editing service. We are grateful to two anonymous reviewers and the editor due to their helpful comments to the initial manuscript. This study was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 17H04611 and was partially supported by Tohoku Ecosystem-Associated Marine Sciences.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.

Supplementary material

227_2017_3207_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (511 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 512 kb) Fig. 1S Phylogenetic trees inferred from a combined data set of mtDNA sequences (COI + 16S) using BI analysis. Numbers on branches show Bayesian posterior probabilities. The numbers of nodes show the sampling locality number. Vertical bars on the right of the tree show each clade. Fig. 2S Phylogenetic trees inferred from a combined data set of mtDNA sequences (COI + 16S) using ML analysis. Numbers on branches show maximum likelihood bootstrap values. The numbers of nodes show the sampling locality number. Vertical bars on the right of the tree show each clade. Table. 1S Information of samples in the present study. Table. 2S Sampling data of this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daishi Yamazaki
    • 1
    Email author
  • Osamu Miura
    • 2
  • Minoru Ikeda
    • 3
  • Akihiro Kijima
    • 3
  • Do Van Tu
    • 4
  • Tetsuro Sasaki
    • 5
  • Satoshi Chiba
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of Life Science & Center for Northeast Asian StudiesTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of Agriculture and Marine ScienceKochi UniversityNankokuJapan
  3. 3.Laboratory of Integrative Aquatic Biology, Onagawa Field Center, Graduate School of Agricultural ScienceTohoku UniversityOshikaJapan
  4. 4.Department of Aquatic Ecology and Water EnvironmentInstitute of Ecology and Biological Resources (IEBR), Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST)HanoiVietnam
  5. 5.Institute of BoninologyTokyoJapan

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