Marine Biology

, 162:0 | Cite as

Measuring Bahamian lionfish impacts to marine ecological services using habitat equivalency analysis

  • Matthew W. Johnston
  • Sam J. Purkis
  • Richard E. Dodge
Invasive Species - Original paper
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Invasive Species

Abstract

Marine ecological services provide goods, amenities, food resources, and economic benefits to millions of people globally. The loss of these services, attributed to the infiltration of marine invasive species such as the Indo-Pacific lionfish (Pterois volitans/miles), is measurable. The highly successful lionfish now flourishes in great densities in the US Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic waters and the entire Caribbean, yet the loss of ecological services attributed to the invader has not yet been assessed. In this study, we employ a derivative of a well-utilized method of ecosystem valuation known as habitat equivalency analysis to measure the time-value-adjusted loss of biomass- and recruitment-related ecosystem services brought by lionfish to Bahamian reefs. Drawing upon the literature examples of tangible lionfish damages in the Bahamas, we (1) quantitatively evaluate the loss of ecosystem services instigated by lionfish by measuring the total service-year losses partitioned over yearly time steps, (2) provide a metric by which ocean managers may value the remunerations of Bahamian lionfish controls when weighed against removal costs, and (3) deliver a tool to quantify changes in ecosystem services as a consequence of invasive species impacts and control. We found that the invader imposed losses of 26.67 and 21.67 years to recruitment and biomass services per km2 of Bahamian reef if left uncontrolled. In the same accord, the most conservative Bahamian lionfish removal regime modeled, i.e., which produced a 50 % recovery of pre-lionfish ecosystem function over 10 years, provided service gains of 9.57 and 4.78 years per km2. These data deliver a platform upon which to quantify present and future fiscal costs of the lionfish invasion and also to value lionfish control efforts.

References

  1. Akins L, Lazarre D, Die D, Morris J (2012) Lionfish Bycatch in The Florida Lobster Fishery: first Evidence of Occurrence and Impacts. Proc Gulf Caribb Fish Inst 65:329–330Google Scholar
  2. Albins MA (2015) Invasive Pacific lionfish Pterois volitans reduce abundance and species richness of native Bahamian coral-reef fishes. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 522:231–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Albins MA, Hixon MA (2008) Invasive Indo-Pacific lionfish Pterois volitans reduce recruitment of Atlantic coral-reef fishes. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 367:233–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barbour AB, Allen MS, Frazer TK, Sherman KD (2011) Evaluating the potential efficacy of invasive lionfish (Pterois volitans) removals. PLoS One 6(5):e19666CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brander LM, Van Beukering P, Cesar HS (2007) The recreational value of coral reefs: a meta-analysis. Ecol Econ 63(1):209–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cesar H, Burke L, Pet-Soede L (2003) The economics of worldwide coral reef degradation. Cesar Environmental Economics Consulting, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  7. Darling ES, Green SJ, O’Leary JK, Côté IM (2011) Indo-Pacific lionfish are larger and more abundant on invaded reefs: a comparison of Kenyan and Bahamian lionfish populations. Biol Invasions 13(9):2045–2051CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. de León R, Vane K, Bertuol P, Chamberland VC, Simal F, Imms E, Vermeij MJ (2013) Effectiveness of lionfish removal efforts in the southern Caribbean. Endanger Species Res 22:175–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dunford RW, Ginn TC, Desvousges WH (2004) The use of habitat equivalency analysis in natural resource damage assessments. Ecol Econ 48(1):49–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Frazer TK, Jacoby CA, Edwards MA, Barry SC, Manfrino CM (2012) Coping with the lionfish invasion: can targeted removals yield beneficial effects? Rev Fish Sci 20(4):185–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Green SJ, Côté IM (2009) Record densities of Indo-Pacific lionfish on Bahamian coral reefs. Coral Reefs 28(1):107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Green SJ, Akins JL, Maljković A, Côté IM (2012) Invasive lionfish drive Atlantic coral reef fish declines. PLoS One 7(3):e32596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Green SJ, Dulvy NK, Brooks AL, Akins JL, Cooper AB, Miller S, Côté IM (2014) Linking removal targets to the ecological effects of invaders: a predictive model and field test. Ecol Appl 24(6): 1311–1322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Holmlund CM, Hammer M (1999) Ecosystem services generated by fish populations. Ecol Econ 29(2):253–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Morris JA Jr, Whitfield PE (2009) Biology, ecology, control and management of the invasive Indo-Pacific lionfish: an updated integrated assessment. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 99Google Scholar
  16. Jaap WC (2000) Coral reef restoration. Ecol Eng 15(3):345–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jackson JBC, Donovan MK, Cramer KL, Lam VV (eds) (2014) Status and trends of caribbean coral reefs: 1970–2012. Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network. IUCN, GlandGoogle Scholar
  18. Johnston MW, Purkis SJ (2014) Lionfish in the eastern Pacific: a cellular automaton approach to assessing invasion risk. Biol Invasions 16(12):2681–2695CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Johnston MW, Purkis SJ (2015) A coordinated and sustained international strategy is required to turn the tide on the Atlantic lionfish invasion. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 533:219–235. doi:10.3354/meps11399 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kohler KE, RE Dodge (2006) Visual_HEA: habitat equivalency analysis software to calculate compensatory restoration following natural resource injury. In: Proceedings of the 10th international coral reef symposium. Okinawa, Japan, pp 1611–1616Google Scholar
  21. Leung B, Lodge DM, Finnoff D, Shogren JF, Lewis MA, Lamberti G (2002) An ounce of prevention or a pound of cure: bioeconomic risk analysis of invasive species. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 269(1508):2407–2413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Milon JW, Dodge RE (2001) Applying habitat equivalency analysis for coral reef damage assessment and restoration. Bull Mar Sci 69(2):975–988Google Scholar
  23. Morris JA Jr, Akins JL (2009) Feeding ecology of invasive lionfish (Pterois volitans) in the Bahamian archipelago. Environ Bio Fishes 86:389–398CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Morris JA Jr, Shertzer KW, Rice JA (2011) A stage-based matrix population model of invasive lionfish with implications for control. Biol Invasions 13:7–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Peterson CH, Lubchenco J (1997) Marine ecosystem services. Island Press, Washington, pp 177–195Google Scholar
  26. Pimentel D, Zuniga R, Morrison D (2005) Update on the environmental and economic costs associated with alien-invasive species in the United States. Ecol Econ 52(3):273–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Reaser JK, Meyerson LA, Cronk Q, De Poorter M, Eldrege LG, Green E, Kairo M et al (2007) Ecological and socioeconomic impacts of invasive alien species in island ecosystems. Environ Conserv 34(02):98–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. ReefBase: A Global Information System for Coral Reefs (2014). http://www.reefbase.org
  29. Semmens BX, Buhle ER, Salomon AK, Pattengill-Semmens CV (2004) A hotspot of non-native marine fishes: evidence for the aquarium trade as an invasion pathway. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 266(1):239–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Sibbing JM (2005) Mitigation Banking: will the Myth Ever Die? Natl Wetl Newsl 27(6):5–6Google Scholar
  31. USGS-NAS (2014) United States Geological Survey-Nonindigenous Aquatic Species database (USGS-NAS). http://nas.er.usgs.gov. Accessed 4 Nov 2014
  32. Valdez-Moreno M, Quintal-Lizama C, Gómez-Lozano R, del Carmen García-Rivas M (2012) Monitoring an alien invasion: DNA barcoding and the identification of lionfish and their prey on coral reefs of the Mexican Caribbean. PLoS One 7(6):e36636CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Viehman S, Thur SM, Piniak GA (2009) Coral reef metrics and habitat equivalency analysis. Ocean Coast Manag 52(3):181–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Worm B, Barbier EB, Beaumont N, Duffy JE, Folke C, Halpern BS, Jackson JC, Lotze HK, Micheli F, Palumbi SR, Sala E, Selkoe KA, Stachowicz Watson R (2006) Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services. Science 314(5800):787–790CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew W. Johnston
    • 1
  • Sam J. Purkis
    • 2
  • Richard E. Dodge
    • 2
  1. 1.National Coral Reef Institute, Guy Harvey Research Institute, Halmos College of Natural Sciences and OceanographyNova Southeastern UniversityDania BeachUSA
  2. 2.National Coral Reef Institute, Halmos College of Natural Sciences and OceanographyNova Southeastern UniversityDania BeachUSA

Personalised recommendations