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Marine Biology

, Volume 160, Issue 5, pp 1239–1248 | Cite as

Environmental variability and fledging body mass of Common Guillemot Uria aalge chicks

  • Robert T. BarrettEmail author
  • Kjell Einar Erikstad
Original Paper

Abstract

To gain a better understanding of population processes and in the light of the critically endangered status of the Common Guillemot Uria aalge in Norway, we investigate which environmental factors might affect the fitness of guillemot chicks as they depart from the nest site over a 16-year period on a colony in NE Norway. Although prey composition did not seem to influence the fledging body mass of the chicks, there were significant relationships between the yearly variations in chick body mass and abundance of two important prey species (1-group herring Clupea harengus that is an important chick food item and 0-group cod Gadus morhua that is an important adult food item), population size and the sea surface temperature around the colony. The positive influence of young herring and cod on Common Guillemot chick mass occurred during a period of warming in the Barents Sea such that future recruitment into the population will depend partly on the long-term changes in ocean climate in the region.

Keywords

Wing Length Chick Growth Adult Food Common Guillemot Chick Diet 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The Norwegian Coastal Administration is thanked for the use of the lighthouse at Hornøya as a base for the fieldwork. We are also grateful to Håkon Dahlen (Tromsø Univ. Museum) and Thierry Boulinier (CNRS Montpellier) and his and many other co-workers over the years for their help in catching, weighing and measuring the chicks, to Tycho Anker-Nilssen and Svein-Håkon Lorentsen (Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, NINA) for their comments on an early draft of the manuscript and to Tony Gaston (Environment Canada) and an anonymous referee for their comments on the submitted version. The study was financed by Tromsø University Museum, NINA, the Norwegian National Monitoring Programme for Seabirds and the Norwegian SEAPOP programme www.seapop.no).

Supplementary material

227_2013_2175_MOESM1_ESM.docx (23 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 24 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Natural SciencesTromsø University MuseumTromsøNorway
  2. 2.Norwegian Institute for Nature ResearchFRAM––High North Research Centre for Climate and the EnvironmentTromsøNorway

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