Marine Biology

, Volume 159, Issue 5, pp 1049–1060 | Cite as

Low levels of global genetic differentiation and population expansion in the deep-sea teleost Hoplostethus atlanticus revealed by mitochondrial DNA sequences

  • Andrea I. Varela
  • Peter A. Ritchie
  • Peter J. Smith
Original Paper

Abstract

The orange roughy Hoplostethus atlanticus is a well-known commercial species with a global distribution. There is no consensus about levels of connectivity among populations despite a range of techniques having been applied. We used cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) and cytochrome b sequences to study genetic connectivity at a global scale. Pairwise ΦST analyses revealed a lack of significant differentiation among samples from New Zealand, Australia, Namibia, and Chile. However, low but significant differentiation (ΦST = 0.02–0.13, P < 0.05) was found between two Northeast Atlantic sites and all the other sites with COI. AMOVA and the haplotype genealogy confirmed these results. The prevalent lack of genetic differentiation is probably due to active adult dispersal under the stepping-stone model. Demographic analyses suggested the occurrence of two expansion events during the Pleistocene period.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea I. Varela
    • 1
  • Peter A. Ritchie
    • 1
  • Peter J. Smith
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Biological SciencesVictoria University of WellingtonWellingtonNew Zealand
  2. 2.Museum VictoriaMelbourneAustralia

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