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Marine Biology

, Volume 158, Issue 7, pp 1537–1549 | Cite as

Life history and production of the mysid Orientomysis robusta: high P/B ratio in a shallow warm-temperate habitat of the Sea of Japan

  • Hiroyuki Sudo
  • Naoto Kajihara
  • Masayuki Noguchi
Original Paper

Abstract

Although mysids play important roles in marine food chains, studies on their production are scarce, especially for warm-water species. We investigated life history and production of Orientomysis robusta in a shallow warm-temperate habitat of the Sea of Japan. Its spawning and recruitment occurred throughout the year; 19 overlapping cohorts were recognizable over an annual cycle. The summer cohorts recruited in July–September exhibited rapid growth, early maturity, small brood size, and small body size. A converse set of life history traits characterized the autumn–winter cohorts recruited in October–March. The spring cohorts recruited in April–June had intermediate characteristics of both cohorts. Life spans were 19–33, 21–48, and 69–138 days for summer, spring, and autumn–winter cohorts, respectively, and mortality rates were high for spring and summer cohorts, especially during June–August but were low for autumn–winter cohorts. Production calculated from the summation of growth increments was 488.8 mg DW m−2 year−1 with an annual P/B ratio of 21.26. The short life span seems to be responsible for such an extremely high P/B ratio. A method not requiring recognition and tracking cohorts gave similar values (534.0 mg DW m−2 year−1 and 20.49). The close agreement in production values between the two methods indicates our estimates are valid.

Keywords

Mature Male Mature Female Brood Size Growth Increment Carapace Length 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank T. Fujii for his assistance in the field collections; N. Naganuma for her assistance in sorting the samples; M. Nakagawa for his help in computer analysis; and Y Hirota for his valuable discussion. This work was supported in part by a grant (BCP) from the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. This is contribution no. 11011301 from National Research Institute of Fisheries and Environment of Inland Sea.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroyuki Sudo
    • 1
  • Naoto Kajihara
    • 2
  • Masayuki Noguchi
    • 3
  1. 1.National Research Institute of Fisheries and Environment of Inland SeaFisheries Research AgencyHiroshimaJapan
  2. 2.Japan Sea National Fisheries Research InstituteFisheries Research AgencyNiigataJapan
  3. 3.National Research Institute of Fisheries EngineeringFisheries Research AgencyIbarakiJapan

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