Marine Biology

, Volume 158, Issue 6, pp 1271–1286 | Cite as

Atlantic-Mediterranean and within-Mediterranean molecular variation in Coris julis (L. 1758) (Teleostei, Labridae)

  • Carmelo FrucianoEmail author
  • Reinhold Hanel
  • Paul V. Debes
  • Concetta Tigano
  • Venera Ferrito
Original Paper


Sequence variation in the mitochondrial control region was studied in the Mediterranean rainbow wrasse (Coris julis), a species with pronounced pelagic larval phase inhabiting the Mediterranean Sea and the adjacent coastal eastern Atlantic Ocean. A total of 309 specimens from 19 sampling sites were analysed with the aim of elucidating patterns of molecular variation between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean as well as within the Mediterranean Sea. Phylogeographic analyses revealed a pronounced structuring into a Mediterranean and an Atlantic group. Samples from a site at the Moroccan Mediterranean coast in the Alboran Sea showed intermediate frequencies of “Mediterranean” and “Atlantic” haplotypes. We recognised a departure from molecular neutrality and a star-like genealogy for samples from the Mediterranean Sea, which we propose to have happened due to a recent demographic expansion. The results are discussed in the light of previous studies on molecular variation in fish species between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean and within the Mediterranean.


Spatial Autocorrelation Analysis Phylogeographic Break Pairwise Geographic Distance Atlantic Sample Mediterranean Sample 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors would like to acknowledge the kind contribution of Enrico Arneri, Ferdinando Boero, G. Andrea de Lucia, Paolo Domenici, Maria Ghelia, Menachem Goren, Paolo Guidetti, Miquel Palmer, Sergio Ragonese, Alfonso Toscano and Nedo Vrgoc who helped in obtaining specimens for analysis.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carmelo Fruciano
    • 1
    Email author
  • Reinhold Hanel
    • 2
  • Paul V. Debes
    • 3
  • Concetta Tigano
    • 1
  • Venera Ferrito
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Biologia “M. La Greca”University of CataniaCataniaItaly
  2. 2.Institute of Fisheries Ecology, Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut (vTI), Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and FisheriesHamburgGermany
  3. 3.Department of BiologyDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada

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