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Marine Biology

, Volume 158, Issue 1, pp 31–46 | Cite as

Spatiotemporal coupling/decoupling of planktonic larvae and benthic settlement in decapods in the Scottish east coast

  • Maria Pan
  • Graham J. Pierce
  • Carey O. Cunningham
  • Steve J. Hay
Original Paper

Abstract

Settlement patterns and the relationship between meroplanktonic larvae and settlement in decapods were studied on the Scottish east coast. Artificial settlement substrates (ASS), deployed at two locations (sandy vs. rocky sea substrates), were employed to collect megalopae and newly settled juveniles. Abundance of meroplanktonic larvae was used as an indicator of larval supply. The results showed a clear seasonality in settlement rates, and in some cases, significant differences between sites were detected. Nevertheless, the interference of the ASS with the surrounding habitat limits the study of spatial variability in settlement rates. Significant cross-correlation was found between the abundance of megalopae and juveniles in the collectors and planktonic larval abundance a month earlier. For individual species, this relationship was observed only in Pisidia longicornis. Complexities caused by the great variety of pre- and post-settlement processes, alongside effects of secondary dispersals of early juveniles may have obscured the relationship between meroplanktonic larvae and juveniles in other species.

Keywords

Settlement Rate Decapod Crustacean Plankton Sample Larval Abundance Zoeal Stage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank John Dunn and the Temora crew for their help during collectors and plankton sampling. This work has been funded by a PhD grant to Pan M., provided by FRS Marine Laboratory Aberdeen, now Scottish Government, Marine Scotland-Science, Marine Laboratory, Aberdeen. G.J. Pierce was supported through the EU-funded ANIMATE project (MEXC-CT-2006-042337).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Pan
    • 1
  • Graham J. Pierce
    • 2
    • 3
  • Carey O. Cunningham
    • 1
  • Steve J. Hay
    • 1
  1. 1.Marine ScotlandAberdeenUnited Kingdom
  2. 2.OceanlabUniversity of AberdeenNewburgh, AberdeenshireUK
  3. 3.Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de VigoVigoSpain

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